control in HOLLAND. I spent most of my time in that spot from 19 [to] 21 September, and it was very lively at times believe me….Much of that time was spent pressing out brackets into Mother Earth as mortars plastered down on our positions.’ The South Staffs hung on, burrowing themselves into the gardens, fields and houses of the Oosterbeek cauldron for the next five days. New flak posns are being provided, but have NOT yet been occupied. Remainder under Capt Panter and M.T.O. Brigade Headquarters and attached troops, who had followed us in. wireless communication with Div. In November 1942 the British First Army, with the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Parachute Battalions (1st Parachute Brigade) attached, invaded French Morocco and Algeria (Operation Torch). H.Q. St Elizabeth Hosp (Bldg 31). Liaison Officer 2nd Para Battalion: Lt. A. Roberts Liaison Officer 3rd Para Battalion: Lt. H.S. From September 21 to 25 most of the men had nothing to eat, and there was very little water. (i) 1 Tp (6 pdr) under command. An assault by A 1 A/L Bde (less certain Across the street, the house held by Lieutenant A.E. Phillip’s D Company, Battalion HQ commanded by Major J.M. The service, arranged by the MOD’s Joint Casualty and Compassionate Centre (JCCC), was led by the Reverend Dr Brutus Green, Regimental Chaplain, 2nd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment. Coys do training under own Coy Training Programmes. (a) DEELEN Aerodrome. opposition soon after leaving the D.Z. Meanwhile C Company had taken out from 1630 hrs to 2359 hrs. element withdrawn to ferry across R. RHINE and then taken by transport to Armoured cars and half-tracks from the reconnaissance battalion of 9th SS Panzer Division charged across the bridge but were stopped by a hail of gunfire, grenades and PIAT (Projector Infantry Anti-Tank) rounds. The savage battle in western Arnhem on September 19 proved decisive to the British defeat. Arnhem . Wright’s C Company and the remaining battalion heavy weapons and transport in the Support Company led by Major J.S.A. (iv) Bn H.Q. The South Staffs had gone into battle with 47 officers and 820 soldiers of other ranks. During the night of 27th 1. It was decided that Lea would move north to the rail line and then west through the South Staffords’ left flank. Company. hear by the noise of the battle that they were having a very sticky time. Platoon Commander, Simforce (composite force of 2nd Battalion The South Staffordshire Regiment) (Sicily) (09.1944) Officer Commanding, No. The Second Battalion, Parachute Regiment (2 PARA), is a battalion-sized formation of the British Army's Parachute Regiment and subordinate unit within 16th Air Assault Brigade whose Commanding Officer as of July 2014update was Lieutenant Colonel Adam Dawson OBE, MC. 2nd Battalion Parachute Regiment, most figures Pithead, command stand at front left is mainly the Pendraken Arnhem command stand consisting of Frost (with hunting horn) Tatham-Warter (with umbrella) and radio op. in ARNHEM. Coys Although the Squadron had been in Arnhem Barracks since 1965, it shared the facilities with 1st Parachute Logistic Regiment. appointed Commanding Officer. The advance started off well, but soon slowed to a painful crawl as the opposition stiffened along the lower road. Dean: 1st Parachute Battalion: 2nd Parachute Battalion: 3rd Parachute Battalion: taken prisoner but escaped and became evader: prisoner of war: died of wounds: 1st Airlanding Anti-Tank Battery, RA: 1st parachute … Were we to fight on with small arms against tanks, try to break out, or surrender? Up front an outpost line ran to just east of the hospital. The most serious Pl will be under command O.C. A Coy, 10 Platoon. After a few hours’ rest, the battalion was on the road early the next morning. Lane’s A Company, Major P.R.T. Hr of ldg of 3rd lift situation had worsened considerably. The force now consisted of the 2nd On completion of PHASE III, 2 guns each The Parachute Regiment were formed in WWII and, save 1968, have been in constant action since. The Germans kept the pressure up on the South Staffords. and seized the North end of the Main Bridge at 8 p.m. . diverted to tpt tps in emergency). (iii) Possible site for M.D.S. at KOEPEL 712793. has been received from the Parachute element since this time. When "COMET" cancelled for 48 hrs. opens R.V. 1st Parachute Battalion went into to battle with 548 men, 83 were killed, 21 of them are missing since. of the 2nd Battalion's Operations, The task given to the 2nd Heavy shelling and mortaring Battalion HQ was set up in a house on the corner of Utrechtseweg and Oranjestraat. by 3 main considerations:-. (iii) Est posns at:- Rd EDE 5785 - ARNHEM in vicinity of PLANKEN WAMBUIS Bde Report Centre. ‘An NCO from the signal platoon was in charge of us. Barker’s platoon caught fire, but the troops returned fire as best they could from unburned portions of the building. With B Company as the firm base, C Company with support from the battalion’s mortars started its attack across the railroad overpass. Major Phillip had been shot through the stomach, and Lieutenant J.E. It had now become clear that the Major Wallis was killed on 1030 - Film show at The glider pilots acted as guides for the troops, who traveled down in the dark to the evacuation points on two routes laid out by sappers. A Company) had been wounded the previous evening. defences caused only minor delay in the falling light, until A Company reached made to secure boats for an assault on the South end of the Bridge, but A valuable prize in ARNHEM would be the REICHKOMMISSAR - DR SEYSS - Tuesday was a repetition Battalion less C Company and one Platoon of B Company with the addition of reverting back to 'C' Coy on following morning on orders from Bn H.Q. PIAT fire kept the German assault guns at bay, and point-blank British mortar fire pinned down the supporting infantry. (iii) Postponement if necessary will be for 24 hrs or multiples to be notified The men of D Company of the 2nd Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment, lurked in the early morning shadows and nervously awaited the word to lead the advance into Arnhem, Holland, and relieve the surrounded paratroopers defending the bridge. next. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his heroism displayed at Arnhem, Netherlands, at the age of 26. A little after 0800, D Company repulsed its first counterattack, a company-size thrust from the southeast. Victor Hubbard 1st A/L Anti-Tank Tank Battey Royal Artillery 05/08/17 Aged 98. After they passed through the open space east of the hospital the night erupted into an incredible cacophony of machine gun fire, exploding grenades and shouted commands. Virgil "Spud" Davis, pro baseball catcher, coach, scout and manager. George Roy Hill, film director (Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, The Sting). Battalion briefing at warned that there would be a briefing at Bde H.Q. (1) We had captured our While they were exposed and unable to dig in on account of the earth and thick roots, mortar bombs bursting in the trees inflicted a number of casualties, including Lieutenant Badger. 1630 - Warning Order for The Battle of Arnhem was a daring mission which was launched behind enemy lines in broad daylight, as 2nd Battalion the Parachute Regiment went to the Dutch village to capture bridges across the Rhine. (ii) 82 (US) Airborne Div to secure brs over R. MAAS and R. RHINE at GRAVE and Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo, elder daughter of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of Spain; fourth in line of succession to the Spanish throne. On 17 September 1944, his 40-vehicle 9th Reconnaissance Battalion was ordered south of Arnhem, to carry out a reconnaissance of the airborne landings between Arnhem and Nijmegen. (b) An increase of flak in area ARNHEM and NIJMEGEN 7377 can be expected. Already short a platoon before the advance began, the British were forced to a halt by heavy German resistance after an advance of only about 400 yards into the wooded dell just west of the municipal museum. H.Q. green verey lights. They met no more opposition until The Parachute Regiment - O.O. 1030 - Bn on picture Company C and the battalion transport were still on their way from Oosterbeek. We Efforts were then When it was over the survivors knew that they could not reach the bridge and reinforce their hard-pressed comrades. Coming under increasing fire, the major was killed by a mortar blast near the hospital. The South Staffs set off at about 1030. The attack generally went down to Nassau Street and then headed west toward the prison. cas will be evacuated to the WATER TOWER 662801, likewise all cas in over the RHINE at ARNHEM. We had been burnt out of all our As B Company withdrew, the Germans burst into the museum and captured most of the defenders on the second floor. The British and Germans now played a deadly game of hide-and-seek between the buildings. Men of the 2nd Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment advance toward Arnhem, towing a six pounder anti–tank gun with them, 18 September. After a long march from its drop zone, the 2nd Battalion of Britain’s elite Parachute Regiment had reached the objective of the entire Market-Garden campaign, the Arnhem bridge. When it became clear that any further advance from the west was impossible, Urquhart ordered the 4th Parachute Brigade to advance into Arnhem from the north to relieve the pressure on the troops along the river. With no place to make a stand, Cain and several of his men pulled out and headed back to the hospital. Further re-sup on thorough reconnaissance revealed that all boats had been removed from the Photo Details: A jeep towing a 6 pounder anti-tank gun from the 2nd Battalion, The South Staffordshire Regiment moving east along the Utrechtseweg, Oosterbeek, towards Arnhem. This group consisted of Major T.B. The Germans were on them so quickly that supporting antitank guns were not able to depress low enough to engage the StuGs. Battalion sector in Phase 11. ‘Enemy tanks fired their heavy guns into the dell, which we occupied,’ he said. casualties and became very split up. Monday, 18th September 1944. The Battle of Arnhem was part of Operation Market Garden, an attempt to secure a string of bridges through the Netherlands. Parachute Regiment . Lathbury, landed within the first hour. On 1 August of the same year, the battalion was renamed the 2nd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment. GSGS 4416 Sheet P.1. 1126 - 31 Officers and (ii) 3 Para Bn clears and holds EAST half of town. br. On completion of PHASE III, 2 M.M.G's each to 'A' and 'B' Coys. ARNHEM. costs. (i) Bde H.Q. following times: Operation After a long march from its drop zone, the 2nd Battalion of Britain’s elite Parachute Regiment … From then on Armoured cars and hastily organised 1445 hours on D. day 17th September, with perfect accuracy on the D.Z. The 1st Parachute Battalion would advance along the right flank, along the river. (ii) Bomb line as per maps in 'I' Office. After a long march from its drop zone, the 2nd Battalion of Britain’s elite Parachute Regiment had reached the objective of the entire Market-Garden campaign, the Arnhem bridge. Quickly surrounded, Major Gilchrist and about 30 survivors were isolated in slit trenches just east of St. Elisabeth’s Hospital. 2nd Battalion The Parachute Regiment. show at "State" Grantham. The advance started off well but slowed around 0500, when the leading platoons reached the open spaces east of the hospital. Lieutenant John Grayburn of the British 2nd Battalion, Parachute Regiment. The men tried heading through side streets, but were stymied at every attempt. (c) The need for time for dis-engagement of Hy Pz Divs for return to REICH for Day spent in washing and cleaning and 2nd Bn This block of bldgs to be known as 'DIGBY'. The arrival of British reinforcements at Arnhem is delayed by fog in England. 712774 (CHARING X), by-passing opposition on the way. The divisional perimeter was almost continuously under fire from mortars and self-propelled guns that gradually crept closer. Those trapped in houses or left behind were mostly taken prisoner. The 1st Parachute Brigade, commanded by Brigadier G.W. The Germans, meanwhile, were becoming more and more aggressive in their defensive maneuvers as they received additional reinforcements. (i) 'A' Coy - WATERLOO br and block of bldgs at NORTH end of br (No.67 and next Simonds, one platoon of mortars and one platoon of medium machine guns. After an evening of orders and counter orders, Division HQ finally gave the word to press on into the city. (b) The Airborne Corps is dropping on 'D' day with the following tasks:-. Hauptsturmführer Gräbner is perhaps most famous for his part in Operation Market Garden and the Battle of Arnhem (as depicted in the film A Bridge Too Far). All Ranks will be warned NOT to move NORTH of rly. P.M. - Operation In PHASE II as already shown. 'A' Coy overnight for all Coys. 'A' Coy and remain there. briefed at following times:-. strong bridgehead North of the Bridge. The service, arranged by the MOD’s Joint Casualty and Compassionate Centre (JCCC), was led by the Reverend Dr Brutus Green, Regimental Chaplain, 2nd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment. Monday, 18th September 1944. failure of the Brigade to establish the original sector, they were isolated, A second line was located a little farther back in the cluster of buildings that dominated the wooded slope overlooking the lower road and the riverbank. Also around 1230, the 11th Battalion started heading north. It consisted of some 420 men from Major R.H. Cain’s B Company, Major J.E. enemy opposition on the spot. M.C. (v) After unloading of 2nd Lift to seize and occupy WEST sector of ARNHEM. PHASE II  On orders from Bn H.Q. The second lift, which contained the remaining elements of the South Staffs and the 11th Parachute Battalion, did not arrive until 1530 on the 18th. Remaining Officers of light A.A. on the Bridge, and the attempt was abandoned. "COMET" cancelled for 24 hrs. 2nd Bn The Parachute Regiment - O.O. the South had been repelled during the night. Urged on by their officers, the South Staffs advanced 300 yards farther before heavy losses forced them to ground. (ii) Secure L.Z. Instead Dobie decided to abandon his original plan, and head towards the bridge to assist Frost instead. Army Regulations stipulated the nominal size of the "squares' to be 8.5” wide and 9.5” high. Col JD Frost DSO MC and all HQ Officers and Coy Commanders are briefed for Soon British positions in the wooded dell and the museum were untenable and in danger of being overrun. (iii) To assist Coys in putting bldgs in state of def. (b) The need to gain time for the development of defences on the MAAS, WAAL and Marches and Road Walk and Runs. A.M. - All troops This would be their final objective for the operation. History. Bn H.Q. 521) in German captivity (Oflag 79, Braunschweig, Niedersachsen) 08.06.1946 INFM. My Dad, Samuel McWilliams, was in 7th Platoon, C Company, 2nd Parachute Regiment and was on railway bridge at Arnhem when it was blown up. 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