Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph;[3] the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Because of this, it is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade. It is also darker in color. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. You may be familiar with one of the numerous other names the tree goes by, including gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum and tupelo gum. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. It commonly grows in both the creek bottoms of the southern coastal plains, to altitudes of about 900 meters (3,000 feet) in the Southern Appalachians. 1979. black tupelo, sourgum, sour gum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large forest tree reaching a height of over 100 feet and a trunk that exceeds 3 feet in diameter, with a straight trunk and many horizontal branches of a similar size that form a narrow, oval crown. Its leaflets are thinner and less glossy, "with rather long tips, the under surface persistently somewhat downy and covered with minute warty excrescences easily seen under an ordinary hand lens"[5] "Yellow Gum is not a swamp tree, like Black Gum, but an inhabitant of dry land, hills, and the coves of the southern Appalachians which it ascends to 3500 feet"[5]. View Map. Small greenish-white flowers appear in May to June. It is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America, capable of obtaining ages of over 650 years.[11]. It's leaves will turn a brilliant red in the fall and the wood has many uses, but i don't know about trying mushrooms in it. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. The leaves are oval, smooth- edged and crowded on short twigs. Click on … Bark: Light reddish brown, deeply furrowed and scaly. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Dormant Identification of Black Cherry . Nyssa sylvatica grows in various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. American Beech : Red Maple . Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Makes a strong specimen tree. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. No other issues aside from the fungal issues seen in the attached photo. In the uplands it grows best on the loams and clay loams of lower slopes and coves. [3], The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century. Nyssa sylvatica is an important food source for many migrating birds in the fall [autumn]. Grows 30'-50' high, with a 20'-30' spread. Stone more or less ridged. The sour fruits are eagerly sought by many kinds of birds, including: American robin, Swainson's thrush, gray-cheeked thrush, hermit thrush, wood thrush, northern cardinal, northern mockingbird, blue jay, red-bellied woodpecker, yellow-bellied sapsucker, northern flicker, pileated woodpecker, eastern phoebe, brown thrasher, eastern bluebird, European starling, scarlet tanager, gray catbird, cedar waxwing, and American crow,[citation needed] all primarily eastern North American birds migrating or residing year-round within the tree's range. [16] It also was used for dipping snuff. It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. to 90 cm.) 1913. Britton, N.L., and A. The Quarterly Newsletter of the Long Island Botanical Society. In Appalachia, the frequent variant is Nyssa sylvatica var. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Any treatment recommendations? iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. It has unique, thick bark that is arranged in six-sided plates. [3] The wood is also used for pallets, rough floors, pulpwood, and firewood. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. Habitat & Range. The resulting honey is light and mild-tasting, fetching a high price, especially in Florida where it is a million dollar business annually. Its flowers are an important source of honey and its fruits are important to many birds and mammals. Its often spectacular autumnal coloring, with intense reds to purples, is highly valued in landscape settings. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sour or Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. It also occurs locally in central and southern Mexico. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Black gum Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica Best Characteristics for Identification: General lack of distinguishing characteristics . Black tupelo Nyssa sylvatica. blackgum Cornaceae Nyssa sylvatica Marshall symbol: NYSY Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, oblong to obovate in shape with an entire margin, 3 to 5 inches long, occasionally shallow lobes (or coarse teeth) near tip, dark green above and slightly paler below. Blackjack oak is a common timber tree in forests that have been badly burned or are growing on the poorest soils. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. Its early color change (foliar fruit flagging) is thought to attract birds to the available fruit, which ripen before many other fall fruits and berries. [15] The wood's resistance to wear and some acids has led to its use as factory flooring. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Used for turnery. Ovoid, two-thirds of an inch long, dark blue, acid. Reviving a very old thread as this addresses the same fungus I've found on my Black Tupelo. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Black Gum Tree Leaf Identification The following are some black gum or sour gum tree facts. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Fruit: Fleshy drupe, one to three from each flower cluster. Bark rough, dark grey, broken into many-sided plates; on younger trees, pale brown or grey; branches brown; twigs green to orange, often downy. The dark gray bark is … This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 04:56. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. Yields small, bluish-black fruit that ripens in late September and early October, eaten by many species of birds and mammals. ... Old Growth Black Tupelo on Long Island. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. These trees grow best on well-drained, light-textured soils on the low ridges of second bottoms and on the high flats of silty alluvium. https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeGuide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=793 The vegetation of the New Jersey Pine Barrens. Produces interesting greenish-white flowers that resemble a petal-less spirea. [3] Both of these names contrast it with a different tree species with a broadly overlapping range, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), which does produce an aromatic resin. One of the most attractive native trees around. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. ft., 39.59. Black Tupelo This tree can live over 650 yrs. 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