Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Soil: The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Develops a deep taproot, making it difficult to transplant. Plant Type: Deciduous broadleaf large tree, Habit: Upright pyramidal; uniform branching, Foliage: Green leaves; bright red in fall, Requirements: Adapts to most moist soil types; full sun. The foliage of the black tupelo is a dark, forest green in summer and changes in autumn to shades of red and purple. Nyssa sylvatica 's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat.. Seeds are drilled at the rate of 15 per ft of row and covered with ½ - 1 inch of soil. The blazing red new growth of Wildfire Tupelo lights up with two long flushes (long in length and duration!) Features pinnately compound, alternate leaves that are 12–24" in length and consist of 15–23 dark green leaflets that are 2–5" long. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, Yields a ripened nut crop in early to mid-autumn. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. If you do, add a slow-release formula around the base of the tree. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. The hard to crack shell encases a rich flavored nut. The Black tupelo tree makes an excellent specimen tree with its outstanding summer and fall foliage and habit> It is lovely in a naturalized area. Has Deciduous foliage. Conical or Rounded Shape. Landscape Characteristics: Pyramidal, near perfect silhouette. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Longevity Greater than 150 years. Category: Medium shade tree; deciduous The leaflets are finely toothed. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Soil Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. Black tupelo leaves turn red and purple in the fall. Black gum is susceptible to leaf spots caused by a fungus. Flower and fruit: Flowers are small and insignificant. Growth Rate: This Black Gum tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. Tree Characteristics. of red a year. This native tree has been called our best friend in times of war and peace. About Black Gum (Black Tupelo, Sourwood) A beautiful native tree with outstanding lustrous green foliage that changes for a fabulous fall display. A partial list includes tomatoes, potatoes, peas, peppers, cabbage, alfalfa, serviceberry, chestnut, pine, arborvitae, apples, blueberry, blackberry, cherry, azalea, rhododendron, lilac, hydrangea, privet, members of the heath family. Residential, commercial & coastal landscapes. Tree size: This slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet. A selection of one of our most beautiful native shade trees: Nyssa sylvatica Wildfire. Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. My new variety of black tupelo tree is characterized by its central dominant leader, conical habit, dense foliage, making the tree difficult to see through when foliage is present, and fast growth rate. Designed by Gil Carolino, Be the first to review “Nyssa sylvatica ‘Green Gable’ – Black Gum or Tupelo”. var. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Required fields are marked *. Tolerates wet locations, drought & salty air. Growth Rate: Moderate to fast: Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. 4. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. The nuts are eaten by woodpeckers, foxes and squirrels. Mature Spread: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has a spread of about 20' - 30' at full maturity. Zones 4-9. The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century.. biflora - Called the "Swamp Tupelo", this 50' tree is naturally found in swampy areas and is adapted to poorly drained garden situations. Brilliant Red Leaves, Even in Spring Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? Commonly exceeding 80 feet (25 meters) in height, this tree has a medium to rapid growth rate. Fertilizing: You don’t need to fertilize your tree, but as it matures, you may want to increase its growth and production. Native Americans and early settlers used it for food, dyes, ink, medicine, fence posts, gun stocks and furniture. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu- nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir- able. 'Autumn Cascades' - Specialty nurseries are beginning to produce this new, strongly weeping form that shows good fall color. Names. Your email address will not be published. The black walnut's poison does not work on all species and some even seem to thrive on it. Bark: It has … The fruit consists of three layers: a green, fleshy husk; a black inner shell that is hard, thick and corrugated; and the kernel, which is oily and sweet. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Black Gum is a medium to large-sized native tree, frequently 60 to 80 ft tall and 3 to 4 ft in diameter. Hardy and resilient, Black Tupelo tolerates urban soil environments quite well provided the PH is not too high. Is self-fertile but requires wind for pollination. Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. Use as a lawn specimen or combine in mixed tree plantings. We have been impressed with the early returns of this new Tupelo. While it's mostly cosmetic, it can make the tree more attractive to other pests and diseases. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. You must keep a wide separation between the black walnut tree and susceptible plants. Raised leaf spots appear on the leaves and begin to discolor and drop off. Black Tupelo grows 40'-50' high and 20'-30' wide. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. Pre-chilled seeds must be sown in spring. When grown in the open, the black walnut reaches 75' tall with a round, low branching, open crown that spreads nearly as wide as it is tall. The plant tolerates competition and can exist on unfavorable sites. The black tupelo grows to a height of 30–50' and a spread of 20–30' at maturity. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. 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