This type of soil is also more porous as compared to traditional compost. Featuring a Worm Factory Standard.  At the same time, according to Wikipedia, these worms can grow much larger like the Alabama Jumper. Have you tried vermicomposting? You must know in advance what each worm requires in order to be successful in your worm composting endeavor. It prefers a slightly cooler temperature so it should be considered a second choice, but it is also an effective composter. It has my thumbs up! To help you pick, we listed the four best types of worms. Not only is worm composting good for the environment, but it also provides you with a great and free source of organic compost and worm tea for your plants. While the “Euro” is large enough to double as a fishing worm, it also reproduces less quickly. While it is a voracious composting worm, it prefers warmer, more tropical climates. It is a hardy worm and tolerant of the widest range of temperatures, especially in the cold. We’d love to know your experience. Types of compost worm. There are four main species of compost worms available: Eisenia fetida. pipes or tubes inserted into the soil. Worm composting, also called vermicomposting, is a great way to use kitchen scraps to create a nutrient-rich compost to feed your garden and keep it producing year-round. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a9a0a8d0503e0e496e672c3220d69595" );document.getElementById("ebacf07fef").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Home » What Kind of Worms Should I Compost With? If you want to learn how to create your own worm composting bins, check out this video by Epic Gardening: Just a reminder, you should avoid feeding your worms animal bones, dairy products, and woody items like twigs. length- up to 130mm ideal working temperature range - 15-25° Dendrobaena venta common names- dendras, blue noses Vermicompost is rich in vitamins and minerals, such as potassium, phosphorous, and nitrogen. One fun trivia about the Alabama Jumpers is that they can grow larger than other worm species. Length - Up to 130mm; Ideal Working Temperature Range - 15-25° Dendrobaena venta. Bag Concentrated (10 lbs. As African Nightcrawlers work different depths than Red Wigglers, some of my customers at the Urban Worm Company tell me they use both species in the Urban Worm Bag to great effect. https://amzn.to/2tQusBF BEST Book I've found on worms and what they do! Read more about them below. Common Earthworm / Nightcrawler (Lumbricus terrestris) – A deep burrowing worm found across most of Europe and North America. In this phylum there are about 1,800 species of earthworms grouped into five families and distributed all over the world. If your worms freak out like this, the Urban Worm Bag’s design prevents wholesale jailbreaks through its zippered top and bottom. Common Names - Tiger worm, manure worm, brandling worm; Colour - Rust brown with yellow stripes around it's body- just like a Tiger! Also, these worms can grow as long as one to five inches in length, and a quarter of an inch in width. While you can sometimes toss the items in a compost bin, a majority of th… You would only need basic and inexpensive materials such as the following: You can place the bins indoors to protect the worms from extreme weather conditions. Your email address will not be published. Some vermicomposters without good climate control have suffered extremely cold temperatures but are surprised to see thriving populations rebounding in the spring. Compost worms are part of the Annelida (segmented worm) family of invertebrates (animals without backbones). The combination of containers and locations are only limited by how much worm compost you need to make. What is the difference between Compost and Vermicompost? While it can be (and is) used for fishing, often bait dealers (and fishermen) prefer its larger … Both types feed on vegetable waste, compost, and organic bedding. A wormery is easy to maintain, helps reduce the amount of organic waste that you throw away and is a great choice for anyone who loves gardening. Similar to the Alabama Jumper, they are also tropical worms. There are three kinds: aerobic, anaerobic, and vermicomposting. They are easy to maintain and does not need to be checked out every day. They are common to find and are also very affordable. Off all the earthworm types the epigeic worms are the only ones that can be used commercially in vermicomposting systems. But if you’re interested in learning more, you can visit him at the Urban Worm Company for vermicomposting tips and tricks for the beginner as well as learning more about the business side of vermiculture and vermicomposting. A lot of homesteaders also acknowledge red wigglers as the prolific type. Rougly 4,400 different worm species have been identified. They come from the same species of annelids in the class Oligochaeta but have adapted to their individual roles in our soil. Compost (/ ˈ k ɒ m p ɒ s t / or / ˈ k ɒ m p oʊ s t /) is organic matter that has been broken down into simpler organic or inorganic matter in a process called composting. While you can DIY a worm composter out of almost any box or bucket, there’s a few things which rudimentary types lack that are available in commercial vermicomposters. But because they live on or near the surface and tend to swarm microbe-rich organic wastes, they are excellent composters. Drainage. According to NC State University, out of 9,000 different earthworm species, only the Epigeic species are proven to be suitable for vermicomposting. Ralph Rhoads talks about the value of composting with worms. Thinking of what compost worms to buy for your homestead? Rishi Agrotech: Types of compost worm. Making worm compost at home does not require a lot of space. There are many types of composting bins; and it all has different uses for it. Dog and cat poo can be worm composted or hot composted, but kept in separate systems and shouldn’t be used on vegie beds. Know about worms! Sims 40 lbs. The European Nightcrawler (binomial name eisenia hortensis)  is the larger cousin of the Red Wiggler. The “Compost Worm Bombs” which are a budget pack containing worm eggs only. Because endogeic worms consume organic matter well below the surface, they are also not considered good composting worms. They love high temperatures and will not thrive in places with temperatures under 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Euros tend to work in cooler climates, African Nightcrawlers need it to be warmer, and Red Wigglers tend to do well in all but the most extreme environments. They are very commonly found in farmlands. The Red Wiggler (binomial name eisenia fetida) is far and away the most common and easily-purchased composting worm in the US and Canada. Compost worms are included in this category, as are manure worms, and all epigeic earthworms can consume large amounts of waste daily. These take a little longer to produce a batch of compost since they are much more difficult to aerate. A little more about me. If you live in states like Texas, Arizona, and Florida, this worm may be the best choice for you. Gardens Alive! But before we identify which species are suitable, it’s helpful to understand how earthworms can differ from one another. Worm bins are easy to construct and are also available for purchase. The red wiggler is the most favorite type of a lot of homesteaders. The worms digest and break down the organic matter into a rich compost called worm castings. These nightcrawlers can grow almost as big as worms that you can use for fishing. What worm did you use? All Rights Reserved. Worm Tube Information. These are the worms you want to produce worm castings! These are guaranteed to compost your food scraps fast and easy. So, to help you choose which worms to buy, we listed down the four best types. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. And to be extra safe, during the first few days of creating a worm bin, observe what the worms are eating or avoiding. Some plant diseases and weed seeds may survive cold composting so avoid diseased plant matter and weeds gone to seed. Soil Blend. They love to mate especially during warm weather conditions. You can get started using a bucket, tote, old bathtub, or a wooden bin located outdoors or in a garage, basement or apartment balcony; anywhere out of direct sunlight. Soil Blend Super Compost 8 lbs. This process recycles various organic materials otherwise regarded as waste products and produces a soil conditioner (the compost).. Compost is rich in nutrients. They can reach up to four to six inches in length. Epigeic earthworms inhabit surface soils, leaf litter, manures, and other loosely-packed environments. There are four main species of compost worms available:-Eisenia fetida common names- Tiger worm, manure worm, brandling worm colour- rust brown with yellow stripes around it's body- just like a Tiger! It can’t get much more basic than this: do you want to make compost indoors or out? Designed primarily for food scraps, worm farm composting is a faster process that produces rich castings (vermi-cast) and liquid fertiliser.Your population of worms will double every 2–3 months, they can eat their own body weight in food organics in 24 hours, and can live for 2–3 years. Follow us on Instagram, Twitter, Pinterest, and Facebook! They’re kind of all the same, right?”. It’s very common for the new vermicomposter to ask “What kind of worms can I use in my worm bin? Expect about 300-400 worms per pound when purchasing European Nightcrawlers. Also, they can adjust to the temperature inside the bins which can reach up to 77 degrees Celsius during summer. Shredded papers (avoid colored, hard, or scented ones), Water for dampening the soil and food scraps. This means that vermicompost can absorb more water for plant roots. And how’s it going for you? You need to add carbon materials to your compost pile to provide energy for microorganisms while they break down your organic matter. It’s also the easiest to purchase and is almost always cheaper than the other species. Several worms of the epigeic kind are used in domestic and commercial worm farms.  The Alabama Jumper or the Amynthas Gracilis, are native to Asia. Worm farms are ideal for homes with small yards or no gardens. If you’re already vermicomposting, what worms are you using? Our compost worm products are suitable for a variety of applications, and are suitable for a variety of climates. Earthworms fit into one of three classes based on their burrowing capabilities and the environments they inhabit: anecic, endogeic, and epigeic. How do worm farms work? It is very easy to create a worm farm. Your email address will not be published. Get This Book! It also contains more microbes that can help your plants grow faster. Such worms can break down almost all organic matter like leftover food, vegetable and fruit peels, and eggshells. The best types of worms for vermicomposting are: Red Wigglers – Eisenia fetida ; Redworms – Lumbricus rubellus ; These two types of worms are preferred for the compost bin because they compost in plain soil and are easy to keep. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. Vermicomposting is the process of converting your kitchen scraps into a very nutritious soil called vermicompost, using compost worms. Expect about 800-1000 worms per pound when purchasing Red Wigglers, which will go for $30-35 per pound from most retailers, shipping included. And of those, only 4 are readily available in the US. You can find some high-quality worms for sale through the Urban Worm Company’s online shop. Carbons for the compost pile include the following: Dry leaves: Dry leaves are probably the easiest brown ingredient to work with for a beginning composter because they’re already smallish pieces of organic matter […] Eisenia fetida (Also known as the red worm, red wiggler, manure worm, tiger worm, brandling worm) This is the most common variety sold and used for home vermicomposting. Such species are the ones that prefer living in compost rather than traditional soil. Unless you are a worm expert, a worm is a worm, but there are differences between the role of the Compost Worm and the job of Earthworms as well as how they look and where they do their work. They work well in composting in tropical and subtropical areas. Some parasites can survive worm composting, although hot composting should kill everything. Basic Types of Earthworms 4. Required fields are marked *. Anecic worms are strong, vertical and horizontal burrowers who come to the soil’s surface to forage for organic matter to take back their home, capable of pulling whole leaves down into their tunnels which can extend 9 feet below the surface. A worm tube provides a perfect solution if you have a small garden, if you just don’t want to bother with a compost bin, or if bins are frowned upon by your homeowner’s association. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Not all worms can be used for worm composting. Lumbricus rubellus for example is one of them. They will have a hard time digesting such foods. Pure Organic Earth Worm Castings (98) Model# SBB10 $ 19 98. They go up to the surface to eat and can attempt to jump their way out of the bins. There are between 7000-9000 species of earthworms, but only about 7 of them are any good as composting worms types. Compost Worms – commercial varieties We, and almost all other Australian worm farms, grow and sell the three main varieties of compost worms, red worms, tiger worms and blue worms. Composting Worms Are In a Different Class. And you’ll pay about $35-40 per pound. The premium “Bag O Worms” which have a mix of adult and juvenile worms, and 2. In this way, the contents in the bin will be able to decompose right away; and then produce finished composted after some time. Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. How To Compost [INFOGRAPHIC] | Homesteading Composting Guide, A Homesteader’s Guide to Composting | How To Compost Tutorial, The Essential Benefits Of Worm Farming | Homesteading For Beginners, 45 DIY Compost Bins To Make For Your Homestead, How To Raise Ducks For Eggs | 10 Tips & Tricks, 4 Best Types of Compost Worms For Your Worm Farm, Homesteading Simple Self Sufficient Off-The-Grid | Homesteading.com. And, they can eat almost any type of food scraps. This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. Worm Farm System – This involves adding food scraps into a container with worms. They eat, eat, and eat, so you might have to load them with your kitchen scraps every week. Although on the downside, Alabama jumpers can quickly escape from their worm bin. The Red Wiggler Worm The worms from the Epigeic species can process organic waste most efficiently. They will thrive in really hot conditions, but always remember to give them enough moisture and water. The probably ideal worm for vermiculture is the compost worm Eisenia fetida. They operate at shallower depths in the soil than anecic worms and form less stable burrows. Plus, dairy products can cause a pungent odor. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? We’ll cover those below. Steve will be posting here about worms and worm composting more in the future. Compost Bin System – This involves adding food scraps into a bin with great aeration to break down organic wastes. But if you find a retailer who sells them, you can expect 800-1000 per pound. We have the Urban Worm Bag available for sale here in our store! makes 40 lbs.) There are 3 classes of segmented worms, with compost worms belonging to Oligochaeta. RELATED: A Homesteader’s Guide to Composting | How To Compost Tutorial. He’d also be thrilled to see you try the Urban Worm Bag, his fabric continuous flow vermicomposting bin with a lifetime warranty that makes harvesting microbe-rich castings a breeze! Lumbricus Rubellus – Red worm Concentrated 8 lbs. Common Names - Dendras, blue noses One pound of mature worms (approximately 800-1,000 worms) can eat up to half a pound of organic material per day. Compost is prepared from farm and town scraps such as vegetable and animal refuse and waste, weeds, crop stubble, clippings, rice hulls, forest litter, etc. European nightcrawlers are also known as Eisenia Hortensis. Fellow homesteaders, do you want to help others learn from your journey by becoming one of our original contributors? These systems can generate a lot of heat. Soil Blend 10 lb. They can also consume a lot of organic scraps fast, so you may need to feed them every one or two weeks. Since you can’t find such worms in regular garden soil, it is best to order them from a local supplier or the internet. Every day, these worms can eat as much as half of their total body weight. They can well adapt to living in a worm bin, which is something that other worms struggle with. Worms can easily cohabitate with each other, and many commercial compost worm kits will include a mix of multiple worm species. The bins can be sized to match the volume of food scraps that will be turned into castings. Cutting Edge. Read more about them below. Just like with most things vermicomposting-related, there is no one right answer. Now most worm farmers in the US do not culture the Indian Blue intentionally, so it is difficult to purchase them. Worm farming uses composting worms such as tiger worms or red worms to eat through a mixture of food scraps, garden waste, waste paper and cardboard to produce worm castings (composted material) and liquid fertiliser, known as worm tea. To grow the worms, you would only need to feed them with organic scraps once every week or every other week. I need newborn steps in getting started as a current city dweller! Each has its pros and cons. You may need at least a pound of compost worms to start a compost bin. Types Of Earth Worms. They are best all together rather than as a monoculture. But other than that, the perfect interior setting for a composter should be something that can house both moist surroundings and a warm temperature. Worm Types It is important that you're familiar with the different types of composting worms. 1. It is also very sensitive to changes in barometric pressure, so it’s not uncommon to see a mass escape (or attempted escape) in response to an approaching thunderstorm. They can also break down organic scraps very fast. Cat Grass: Growing Tasty Treats For Your Feline Friends, Harvesting Worm Castings: 4 Foolproof Methods. When fully grown, their average height is around four inches and can weight around 1.5 grams. Similarly, reports from the Chicago Tribune shared that some homesteaders found their Alabama jumpers to help compost, but can be very invasive once they escape the bins. Manure worms, vermicomposting composting means breaking down organic material we listed down the four best types composting worm it. 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