These documents should adequately describe the interactions between the proposed system and the associated FoS/SoS dependencies/interfaces. The levels of data rights that need to be required for each MOSA-enabled system element are determined in order to assert the requisite contract requirements to obtain them. This completed area of design may need to be reopened if other system elements drive additional changes in this area. For Major Defense Acquisition Programs (MDAPs), DoDI 5000.02, para 5.d.3 requires a Milestone A before approving release of the final Request for Proposal (RFP) for the Technology Maturation and Risk Reduction (TMRR) phase; therefore, it is suggested that the program office perform a review similar to an SRR to assess readiness and risks of the technical content of the draft RFP(s) prior to Milestone A and ensure performance requirements are traceable to capability requirements. Example production phase risk reduction activities include: The Risk Management process encompasses five significant activities: planning, identification, analysis, mitigation and monitoring. A continuous (historical) plot of planned and actual values for each TPM, along with program planning information, enables assessment of performance trends (i.e., progress-to-plan relationships with respect to both objective and threshold values). The intent of CSI laws, policies, regulations and guidance is to reduce the likelihood and consequence of failure by mitigating receipt of defective, suspect, improperly documented, unapproved and fraudulent parts having catastrophic potential. 7. The Production Readiness Review (PRR) for the system determines whether the system design is ready for production, and whether the developer has accomplished adequate production planning for entering Low-Rate Initial Production (LRIP) and Full-Rate Production (FRP). Finally I get this ebook, thanks for all these Dod Systems Engineering Handbook I can get now! These assessments can be tailored for a specific request, and results are provided only to the requester. The Program Protection Plan (PPP) (see CH 9–2.3.) (See CH 3–4.3.18. ), Informed advice to Acquisition Strategy (AS) (See CH 1–4.1. The objectives of the pre-Materiel Development Decision (MDD) efforts are to obtain a clear understanding of user needs, identify a range of technically feasible candidate materiel solution approaches, consider near-term opportunities to provide a more rapid interim response and develop a plan for the next acquisition phase, including the required resources. The PM may oversee Architecture Design efforts to gain and maintain insights into program schedule and cost drivers for use in the evaluation of alternative architectures, excursions, mitigation approaches, etc. The PM and Systems Engineer should begin applying SE tools, techniques and lessons learned during the early stages of program definition to improve efficiency and traceability and to provide a technical framework for managing the weapon system development. Technology Maturation and Risk Reduction Phase) and end with a successful Milestone C decision. The Acquisition Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) database is the official source for current DoD specifications and standards and identifies DoD-adopted non-government standards (NGS). These waves of implementations and upgrades taken as a whole provide the SoS capability. The Program Manager (PM) should incorporate a technology management strategy into design activities as a best practice to reduce DMSMS cost and readiness impacts throughout the life cycle. A resource for ASR preparation is IEEE 15288.2 "Standard for Technical Reviews and Audits on Defense Programs". Download Free Dod Systems Engineering Handbook 2001 Dod Systems Engineering Handbook 2001 As recognized, adventure as skillfully as experience virtually lesson, amusement, as competently as bargain can be gotten by just checking out a ebook dod systems engineering handbook 2001 with it is not directly done, you could admit even more nearly this life, approximately the world. and CH 9–3.2.6. Requirements Management Process and CH 3–4.1.6. Open systems benefits may not be realized without deliberate planning and guidance at the Program Executive Office (PEO) level. For example, technical understanding of data rights can be a key element in planning for modularity and open systems design, or the decision to choose an incremental acquisition strategy depends on generic functionality groupings that may not be appropriate for every system. Risk statements should be written to define the potential event that could adversely affect the ability of the program to meet objectives. These criteria should be achieved and all action items closed before a technical review is considered complete. The Chief Engineer should review this table and tailor the criteria for the program. ), Reliability Growth Curves (RGCs) (See DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3, sec. Corrective action plans for issues identified in the CDR. Successfully implementing a MOSA strategy results in the identification of required technical data and software deliverables necessary to field and maintain weapon systems and their logistics support. Risks associated with SoS dependencies (both programmatic and technical) and interoperability requirements, including environment, safety and occupational health (ESOH), and security risks to be accepted by Joint Authorities. These agreements are a professional courtesy and a means of mitigating the inherent risk in planning to deliver a capability to an anticipated future technical baseline when there is uncertainty that the other programs are able to maintain schedule and have adequate resources to deploy the capabilities as planned. The initial failure mode assessment, including effects of failure on system performance and the probable manner in which each failure mode would be detected to provide guidance to planning and the conceptual design of the diagnostics concept and maturation process, b. Verification requirements to demonstrate achievement of all specified allocated performance characteristics have been documented. ODASD(SE) personnel conducting PSAs will possess proper identification, personnel security clearance (as required), Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) (as required), and need to know. Technical Baseline Documentation (Functional and/or Allocated) Verification. A rigorous method to help define corrective actions that may be needed to address and resolve identified technical risks. The DCA is defined by law as the systems command of a military department. The output of this process is the allocated baseline, which includes the documentation that describes the physical architecture of the system and the specifications that describe the functional and performance requirements for each configuration item, along with the interfaces that compose the system. The Program Protection processes capture SSE analysis in the system requirements and design documents and SSE verification in the test plans, procedures and results documents. When practical, the initial PSA occurs nine to twelve months before a milestone decision review; follow-up engagements in concert with scheduled program activities and a final engagement (two to three months before the milestone), which assesses the implementation of key recommendations and the mitigation of risks in order to improve program planning and execution. SE activities to support the EMD effort include: The Systems Engineer uses technical reviews and audits to assess whether preplanned technical maturity points are reached during the acquisition life cycle as the system and system elements mature. Linking the needs of the end users to the system, system elements and enabling system elements to be designed and developed. Manufacturing risks and mitigation plans are in place for building prototypes, Cost objectives have been established and manufacturing cost drivers have been identified; draft Key Performance Parameters have been identified as well as any special tooling, facilities, material handling and skills required, Producibility assessment of the preferred system concept has been completed, and the industrial base capabilities, current state of critical manufacturing processes and potential supply chain sources have all been surveyed, The program should be nearing acceptance of a preliminary system design, An initial manufacturing approach has been developed, Manufacturing processes have been defined and characterized, but there are still significant engineering and/or design changes in the system itself; manufacturing processes that have not been defined or that may change as the design matures should be identified, Preliminary design, producibility assessments, and trade studies of key technologies and components should have been completed, Prototype manufacturing processes and technologies, materials, tooling and test equipment, as well as personnel skills have been demonstrated on systems and/or subsystems in a production-relevant environment, Cost, yield and rate analyses have been performed to assess how prototype data compare with target objectives, and the program has in place appropriate risk reduction to achieve cost requirements or establish a new baseline, which should include design trades, Producibility considerations should have shaped system development plans, and the Industrial Base Capabilities assessment (in the AS for Milestone B) has confirmed the viability of the supplier base, The detailed system design is complete and stable to support low-rate initial production (LRIP), Technologies are mature and proven in a production environment, and manufacturing and quality processes are capable, in control and ready for low-rate production, All materials, manpower, tooling, test equipment, and facilities have been proven on pilot lines and are available to meet the planned low-rate production schedule, Cost and yield and rate analyses are updated with pilot line results, Known producibility risks pose no significant challenges for low-rate production, Supplier qualification testing and first article inspections have been completed, Industrial base capabilities assessment for Milestone C has been completed and shows that the supply chain is adequate to support LRIP, LRIP learning curves that include tested and applied continuous improvements, Meeting all systems engineering and design requirements, Evidence of a stable system design demonstrated through successful test and evaluation, Evidence that materials, parts, manpower, tooling, test equipment and facilities are available to meet planned production rates, Evidence that manufacturing processes are capable, in control, and have achieved planned FRP objectives, Plans are in place for mitigating and monitoring production risks, LRIP cost targets data have been met; learning curves have been analyzed and used to develop the FRP cost model. It is intended to ensure consideration of important downstream impacts and costs in trade-off and design decisions. Identifying planning, resourcing and acquisition of corrosion-related features for longevity, lowest total ownership cost (TOC) and sustained system effectiveness. Other system-level analysis is then used to ascertain whether the program risk warrants proceeding to system initial production for Operational Test and Evaluation (OT&E). Commitment to a quantitative (i.e. Both types of interfaces have become increasingly important as system complexity has increased, along with the demands for systems to operate in highly interdependent SoS environments (see CH 3–3.1.2. PMs and Systems Engineers should consider using these data as a form of process improvement feedback, or as evidence for proposing policy and guidance changes. This approach should generate informed choices based on the threshold and objective values of the Energy Key Performance Parameter (KPP) for the system. It should also inform the development and release of each RFP (see CH 9–4.1.) Systems Engineers may find it necessary to have a continuing dialogue with the warfighter (the user and requirements manager) to help grasp the operational impact of these issues and depict them in trade-space decisions. Ensure system flexibility and agility in response to a dynamic threat and target environment. Making changes to the system technical baseline to maintain it as the authoritative source; changes may be due to PCAs, ECPs or changes to interfaces to external systems. COTS products should be evaluated to meet all performance and reliability requirements during all environmental conditions and service life requirements specified by the intended application requirements documents. ESOH Risk Matrices (for hardware and software) used by the program with definitions for severity categories, probability levels, risk levels and risk acceptance and user representative concurrence authorities. The conduct and adequacy of the PDR to include the participation of stakeholders, technical authorities and subject matter experts; status of the PDR entrance and exit criteria; open Requests for Action/Information; and closure of the system element and system-level reviews. These requirements should be captured in the contract specifications or SOW. provides key linkages to the system performance specification (sometimes called the System Requirements Document (SRD)), Systems Engineering Plan (SEP) and Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP). Office of the Director, Defense Research and Engineering. The objective of the Materiel Solution Analysis (MSA) phase is to select and adequately describe a preferred materiel solution to satisfy the phase-specific entrance criteria for the next program milestone designated by the Milestone Decision Authority (MDA). They should collaborate with multiple Systems Engineers across multiple systems. SE ensures the effective development and delivery of capability through the implementation of a balanced approach with respect to cost, schedule, performance and risk, using integrated, disciplined and consistent SE activities and processes regardless of when a program enters the acquisition life cycle. In accordance with DoDI 5000.66, this includes ensuring that program offices for MDAPs or MAIS programs will have a qualified Chief Engineer/Chief Systems Engineer with key leadership position criteria defined in the USD(AT&L) policy memorandum, "Key Leadership Positions and Qualification Criteria," November 8, 2013. If the schedule is being preserved through parallel design and build decisions, any system deficiency that leads to reopening design may result in rework and possible material scrap. ), Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP) (See CH 8–4.1. ), Informed advice to the Request for Proposal (RFP), Informed advice to the Acquisition Strategy (AS) (See CH 1–4.1. These models and simulations often exist, but sometimes need to be newly developed, which can be costly. The Systems Engineer and ESOH SMEs also provide input to other program documentation such as the: Acquisition Strategy (AS), Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP), Life-Cycle Sustainment Plan (LCSP), system performance specifications, solicitations, contracts and capability documents. The DoD Corrosion Prevention and Control Planning Guidebook for Military Systems and Equipment (MS&E) (i.e. The QMS should aid the transition from system development to production by controlling life-cycle cost and reducing complexities that are often found when quality is not integrated as a function of the design. Unless waived by the Milestone Decision Authority (MDA), mission-critical systems, including crew, regardless of acquisition category, should be survivable to the threat levels anticipated in their projected operating environment as portrayed in their platform-specific Validated On-line Life-cycle Threat (VOLT) Report (see DoDI 5000.02 (Enc 1, Table 2) and CH 7-4.1.2.). This review also ensures that system of systems (SoS) requirements, in the form of logical and physical interfaces and desired performance outcomes, have been levied on the system to be procured and are consistent with the ICD and/or draft CDD. Managing and controlling configuration updates (hardware, software and specifications) to the product baseline. Value Engineering, CH 3–4.3.2. Traceable to and from the stated end-user needs. From the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) Capabilities-Based Assessment (CBA) through sustainment activities, it is important to recognize how the system context influences system requirements. Architecture Design is integral to ensuring that multiple well-supported solutions are considered. Almost all DoD systems operate in a system of systems (SoS) context relying upon other systems to provide desired user capabilities -- making it vital that interoperability needs and external dependencies are identified early and incorporated into system requirements. Models are essential to aid in understanding complex systems and system interdependencies, and to communicate among team members and stakeholders. In an effort to promote a higher probability of mission success, Major Defense Acquisition Programs (MDAPs) should review, tailor and implement applicable mission assurance concepts and principles when developing their SEP. MDAPs should use resources provided by their service (for example, the Aerospace/Air Force Mission Assurance Guide TOR-2007(8546)-6018). The program’s safety release is in addition to any test range safety release requirements, but it should support test range analyses required for a range-generated test release. It is critical that the Systems Engineer understand the constraints and limitations of any particular analysis tool or technique, and apply this understanding when making assessments or recommendations based on its output. Such organizations have the challenge of integrating and evolving multiple portfolios of systems often with conflicting sets of objectives, constraints, stakeholders and demands for resources. Stakeholder Requirements Definition Process and 4.2.2. See CH 1–4.2.1.1. Affordability is the degree to which the capability benefits are worth the system’s total life-cycle cost and support DoD strategic goals. Provide a better operational solution to the warfighters. 16 requires programs to use the system safety methodology in MIL-STD-882 to manage their ESOH considerations as an integral part of the program's overall SE process. The PM and Systems Engineer should show evidence of critical thinking in addressing the design considerations, as documented in the program SEP. If the Service-recommended entry point is beyond the MSA phase, for example, part way through the Technology Maturation and Risk Reduction (TMRR) phase, the program provides evidence that all MSA and TMRR phase-specific entrance criteria and statutory requirements are met and that the solution’s technical maturity supports entry at the point in the phase being proposed. This standardization facilitates improved communication and sharing of technical information among various stakeholders and across organizational boundaries. The unique Program Manager (PM) responsibilities associated with an SRR include: The unique Systems Engineer responsibilities associated with an SRR include: Figure 22 provides the end-to-end perspective and the integration of SE technical reviews and audits across the acquisition life cycle. Affordability – Systems Engineering Trade-Off Analyses, CH 1–4.2.15. NDIA SE Conference Luncheon Address. Reports to acquisition executives and Congress. (See CH 1–4.2.16.). The Program Manager (PM) and Systems Engineer work to properly align the technical reviews to support knowledge-based milestone decisions that streamline the acquisition life cycle and save precious taxpayer dollars. The technical processes enable the SE team to ensure that the delivered capability accurately reflects the operational needs of the stakeholders. Analyze conceptual design approaches and estimate the feasibility with respect to R&M ICD performance capabilities, Perform AoA trade-off studies among R&M, availability and other system performance parameters to arrive at a preferred system alternative. Figure 28 provides the end-to-end perspective and the integration of SE technical reviews and audits across the acquisition life cycle. 16 and CH 3–4.3.9. Supporting logistics and sustainment activities as documented in the Life-Cycle Sustainment Plan (LCSP) (see. PMs should develop ways to remove unnecessary barriers to reasonable communication and develop vendor communications plans, consistent with existing law and regulation, which promote responsible exchanges. Supporting the PM in his or her interactions with the Configuration Steering Board. Assessment"). The Systems Engineer uses technical reviews and audits to assess whether preplanned technical maturity points are reached during the acquisition life cycle as the system and system elements mature. Often there is no assigned PM or Systems Engineer at this point in the weapon system’s life cycle. Before the Full-Rate Production/Full Deployment Decision Review (FRP/FD DR), a final CSI list should be documented and approved by the DCA. This information can then be used to inform the finalization of the system performance specification as a basis for functional analysis and preliminary design. Careful decisions regarding the design of system elements can enable the use of open (non-proprietary) standards and an open systems or modular approach that may allow for resiliency as well as reduce costs and promote competition during development, production, technology refresh and life-cycle extension. SoS systems engineering (SE) is an ongoing iterative process as shown in the SoS SE Implementers’ View in Figure 8: SoS SE Implementers' View. Planning verification methods for each R&M requirement. Balanced among multiple requirements, design considerations and program costs and schedules. Perform Environment, Safety and Occupational Health (ESOH) risk management analyses and ESOH risk acceptance. The RFP also should direct potential offerors to structure their approach to reflect the Government’s expectations. The Systems Engineer’s responsibilities include: The CDR is mandatory for MDAP and MAIS programs per DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3, sec. 2 further integrates CPC planning into sustainment. and the DoD Risk, Issue, and Opportunity Management Guide for Defense Acquisition Programs.). Acceptable technical risk of achieving allocated baseline. ), Provide program technical requirements and technical aspects in the SOW, Generate the system performance specification, Identify appropriate technical specifications and standards, Government-furnished equipment or information (GFE or GFI), Include a clear statement of any special contract requirements that are not included in other sections of the uniform contract format, Contract security classification specification, Support development of WBS, IMP, top-level program schedule, CDRL and Contract Security Specification, Ensure that sufficient time is allotted to develop high-quality specifications and plans prior to releasing the RFP, Identify provisions that require representations, certifications or the submission of other information by offerors, Consider including a provision requiring offerors to identify any technical data or computer software the offeror proposes to deliver to the Government after award with less than unlimited rights, Risk management processes and known key risk areas, Mandatory (i.e., statute- and regulation-driven) and advised design considerations, Technical data required for a Streamlined Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Provide technical background and context for the offeror’s solution, Describe the offeror’s SE technical and management processes, Provide consistency across the SOW and system performance specifications, Demonstrate alignment with Government processes, Technical: technical solution, supporting data, performance specification, Management: SOW, Contractor Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP), IMS, risks and opportunity management plans, Environmental objectives (when appropriate), Extent offeror’s rights in the data rights attachment meet Government’s needs, Define technical evaluation factors and provide SE specific evaluation criteria used to assess proposals, Participate on or lead the technical evaluation team, Provide technical personnel to participate on each evaluation factor team (e.g., management, past performance, cost), Evaluate RFP responses against technical requirements, threshold requirements, management (e.g., SEMP, WBS, and program schedule), and consistency across the proposal (e.g., link between WBS, program schedule, risks, and cost), Identify and assess the technical risks and opportunities for each proposal, including schedule risks and related risk and opportunity handling plans, Define clearly, in both the Source Selection Plan and Section M, the minimum technical requirements that will be used to determine the technical acceptability of the proposal if using the Lowest Price Technically Acceptable (LPTA) source selection method (see, Products requiring development of DoD unique hardware. 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