London: NMC. Nursing is concerned with understanding people, being perceptive and sympathising with them. Due to nursing’s involvement in examining phenomena within a contextual health care framework, phenomenology is not only conducive to the discovery of information but also the development of nursing knowledge essential to the profession. It will also help researchers to develop interview and transcription skills, and allows a realistic test of the equipment so that any problems can be identified before data collection starts. Husserl, E. (1963) Ideas: a General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology. Thomas, Sp & Pollio, HR 2002, Listening to patients: a phenomenological approach to nursing research and practice, Springer, New York. In my research, interviewing skills improved over time and with the aid of reflection and the use of a research diary (a journal in which to note my own thoughts). In reality, research-based evidence often does not reach patient care due to many elements that impede the implementation process. Nursing Research; 31: 3, 178–181. The phenomenological research method is a “systematic, explicit, self-critical, and intersubjective study of its subject matter, of lived experience” (van Manen, 1990, p. 11). For nurses who are new to this type of research, it gives practical points on how to conduct a good interview, how and what to transcribe and how to use quotes to support research. Journal of Clinical Nursing; 16: 2, 223–224. Using this research as an example, we will discuss the problems in bracketing after initiating a phenomenological study and the proposed strategies that we have (2003) Interpretation/analysis in hermeneutic interpretive phenomenology. In this regard, the following terms are defined next:qualitative, exploratory, descriptive , contextual nature, transcultural nursing research and epistemology. Phenomenology addresses the nuances of everyday experience and shows a more complete picture of the lifeworld of caregivers. They can also relate to the methods used to obtain data. 1 Phenomenological Philosophy and Research. Background: Phenomenology is a discipline that investigates people's experiences to reveal what lies 'hidden' in them. Listening to Patients: A Phenomenological Approach to Nursing Research and Practice is an in-depth, well-organized, and well-written addition to the growing number of books addressing qualitative research. Journal of Advanced Nursing; 19: 309–314. Before nurse researchers start they should: As previously discussed, there are several ways of collecting data for phenomenological research, including storytelling, tape-recording, documentary analysis and focus groups. Sandelowski (1994) recognised the difficulties inherent in transcription where only certain features of the interaction can be preserved, and alerted us to the potential for misrepresentation. Examples of hermeneutic phenomenological research applied to the areas of nursing practice, education, and administration emphasize the important contribution that phenomenological research has made to nursing’s substantive body of knowledge. Many writers agree that involving a more experienced phenomenological researcher can help in developing interviewing skills (Streubert-Speziale and Carpenter, 2003; Drauker, 1999). All these are valuable skills in phenomenology and nurses may feel they are sufficient to allow them to conduct a good interview in this type of research. b-Measures identified by nurses. As researchers, we are interpreting something in which we ourselves exist; therefore we have no detached standpoint (Koch, 1995). Qualitative nursing research guides understanding in practice and sets the foundation for future quantitative and qualitative research. Subsequently, phenomenologists such as Heidegger (1962) modified and built on Husserl’s theories and developed the interpretative tradition (also known as the hermeneutic tradition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. It is a widely used method example in Scandinavia, and Van Manen is well known for his hermeneutic phenomenological method. Parahoo, K. (2006) Nursing Research: Principles, Process and Issues. In this way, a word picture can be built up of the different participants and their individual experiences. Among those problems are questions concerning how and when one … Many different methods but when do we really explore, illuminate and probe! Hermeneutics: an exploration many of the different types of phenomenology expectancy number. To obtain data, thereby living with the approach is used justify their choice for. 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