The coagulant was prepared by dissolving Jatropha curcas seed and presscake powder into solution. External use of the plant for medicinal purposes is well documented. J. curcas has been deliberately introduced into many countries for ornamental or medicinal purposes, or for exploitation of the oil as a fuel for lighting. Per 100 g, the seed is reported to contain 6.6 g H2O, 18.2 g protein, 38.0 gfat, 33.5 g total carbohydrate, 15.5 g fiber, and 4.5 g ash (Duke and Atchley,1983). Currently, most prominent products are biofuels, soap, snacks, and animal feed. But the presence of toxic Phorbol esters in Jatropha oil is the main constrains to use it. It is native to Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean, but has been widely planted throughout the tropics for a number of commercial uses, perhaps now most predominately for production of biofuel. Most parts of the plant are toxic to eat due to the latex sap, but is used as a medicinal. It is originally native to the tropical areas of the Americas from Mexico to Argentina, and has been spread throughout the world in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, becoming naturalized or invasive in many areas. Jatropha curcas Fruits Leaves Whole PlantBark Husks Erosion control Hedge plant Shelter plant for other crops Organic fertilizer Rodent repellent Medicinal uses Seeds Kernels Fuel Mulch Biogas Medicinal uses Kernels Shells Oil (Biolipid) Triglycerides Seed Cake or Expeller Cosmetics Soap production Medicinal uses Biopesticides Animal feed The bark of the plant yields a blue dye. gossypiifolia has been scarcely studied regarding biological activities (Table 4). Most parts of this plant are used for the treatment of various human and veterinary ailments. Despite the grand variety of popular uses and the data fromJatropha species,J. In the recent years, Jatropha has become famous primarily for the production of biodiesel; besides this it has several medicinal applications, too. Aim: To carry out some in-vivo and in-vitro haemostatic studies on Jatropha curcas in rats and to scientifically demonstrate its possible coagulant activity. It is useful in treating snakebite, paralysis, dropsy, and apparently some cancers. Roots and leaves can be used to make antibiotics and products for the treatment of skin diseases (Henning 2002). The genus Jatropha is distributed throughout the tropics and sub-tropics growning in marginal lands and is a potential biodiesel crop worldwide. Among the main activities that have been studied the antihypertensive, anticancer, antimicrobial, healing, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activities stand out… Studies showing the biological potential of aqueous extract are rare so far, which is important to be mentioned since the most popular use of this plant is as a tea (decoction or infusion). This review paper focuses some basic aspect of the taxonomic, biology, cultivation, chemical composition, bio-diesel potential, medicinal values and uses of Jatropha curcas Linn. Biodiesel can be obtained from vegetable oils (both edible and non-edible) and from animal fat. In the 2000s, one species, Jatropha curcas, generated interest as an oil crop for biodiesel production and also medicinal importance when used as lamp oil; native Mexicans in the Veracruz area developed by selective breeding a Jatropha curcas variant lacking the toxic compounds, yielding a better income when used as source for Biodiesel, because of its edible byproduct. However, it is only less herbalists who master and understand well which part and how to process the jatropha leaves into such powerful herbs. Jatropha curcas is a tree belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family; it is native to the American tropics and grows in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Homeopathically used for cold sweats, colic, collapse, cramps, cyanosis,diarrhea, leg cramps. Traditionally, Jatropha has been known as a medicinal plant. It is also known by its common names, such as physic nut, purging nut, and Barbados nut. Jatropha Curcas Cultivation. Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae), a medicinal plant known in Brazil as “Pinhão Manso”, is highly adaptable, being cultivated in different tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Yellow leaves are 5-lobed or entire, orate rounded, about 8.5 cm long and broad, glabrous; petioles about 11 cm long. The Jatropha seed was found to be an effective coagulant with more than 96% of turbidity removal at pH 1–3 and pH 11–12. Because of its broad-spectrum activity, we investigated aqueous and methanol leaf extracts for cytotoxicity and its potential to inhibit hemagglutinin protein of influenza virus. Each fruit contains 2–3 oblong seeds those are matured when the capsule changes from green to yellow. Manufacturers & Producers of Elite Planting Material, High Yielding Elite Jatropha Curcas Seeds : High Quality Jatropha Saplings/Plants Jatropha Stem Cuttings, Jatropha Production Technology, Jatropha Products like Jatropha Oil & Cake, Medicinal Plants Seeds/Planting Material, Tissue Culture Plant of Important Herbals i.e. Have Nigella Sativa ( Black Seeds ). Jatropha curcas is known for various medicinal uses. Jatropha curcas, commonly called purging nut, Barbados nut or physic nut, is a dioecious small tree or large shrub that grows to 20’ tall. Cultivation of the crop is increasingly encouraged in Latin America, Africa and Asia. The Portuguese established a plantation industry on the Cape Verde Islands to supply oil to South-West Europe, but the main planting there is to assist in reafforestation and to maintain a … It is widespread throughout arid and semiarid tropical region of the world. In addition, it is also used to treat hemorrhages with a Significant Use Level of 7.4 %. 2. Also source of an alkaloid known as jatrophine which purportedly has anticancer properties. These are used in cosmetics and medicine, and are also important as a source of “biodiesel”. View Academics in Medicinal Uses of Jatropha Curcas on Academia.edu. Jatropha curcas is a perennial flowering plant that is cultivated primarily for its high oil content seeds. The plant is designated as an energy plant and use of J.curcas oil as biodiesel is a promising and commercially viable alternative to diesel oil. The plant products exhibit anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities. Jatropha curcas is probably native to Central America, but nowadays occurs in the tropics and subtropics worldwide. The therapeutic compounds from Jatropha can be used as anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, healing, homeostatic, anti-cholinesterase, anti-diarrheal, anti-hypertensive and anti-cancer agents in modern pharmaceutical industry. The medicinal use for J. neopauciflora had the highest Significant Use Level, the most prominent uses being for dental problems (toothache, sensitivity, caries, bad breath, yellowish teeth, and looseness of teeth) 35.4 %, and oral diseases (oral herpes, gingivitis, and oral candidiasis) 32.9 %. Jatropha curcas, although not indigenous to South Africa is found widely and has become incorporated into traditional Tswana medicine as a laxative.During the first 10 months of 1986, 50 cases out of a total of 442 admitted to Ga‐Rankuwa hospital with acute poisoning were … Add Drumsticks to your diet. Jatropha curcas is an ornamental, medicinal and a multipurpose shrub belonging to the Euphorbiaceace family. Its antimicrobial, anti-cancer and anti-HIV activity has been well recognized. There is a possibility of further introduction and cultivation as a fuel … Genus: Jatropha L. Jatropha curcas L.; This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. The benefits and health impacts of jatropha leaves have been widely and popularly used to cure various diseases since ages. Being rich in nitrogen (N), the seed cake can be an excellent plant nutrient source if detoxified (Makkar et al. Jatropha uses are rather limited. Its bark papery, peeling, branches thick with viscid sap, sometimes becoming red and gummy. Economic importance of J. curcas Latex W ound healing Protease (curc ain) Leaves Medicinal uses Anti - inflammatory Jatropha c arcas L. Water conservation/Erosion control Hedge/Living fe nce Firewood/Combustibles Green manure Fruits Fertilizer Jatropha plant Seed cake Organic fertilizer Biogas production Fodder (low toxic assess ions) One potential source of non-edible tree-based oil is the Jatropha curcas tree, a viable alternative to plants like soybeans and rapeseed often used in biodiesel production. Take it twice daily for 6 months. You can try the following: 1. The sap from Jatropha curcas is said to be very useful in treating oral ulcers, herpes infection aside from candidal infection and toothache. To date, oil-rich plants are the main source of biodiesel products. Antimicrobial, antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities have been attributed to different parts of the plant. Chemistry. Jatropha herb is not a sure source for treating HIV. ... Dani Satyawan and I Made Tasma. T Jatropha curcas is a medicinal plant used by traditional medicine healers in treatment of fresh wound/cuts, post partum heamorrhage, bleeding from umbilical stump and as a purgative. 1998). Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss. The white latex serves as a disinfectant in mouth infections in children. Jatropha curcas is shrubs or small trees (up to 7 - 10 m high) that belongs to Euphorbiaceae. Jatropha curcas is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, that is native to the American tropics, most likely Mexico and Central America. Jatropha curcas has been used in the woollen industry in England and in the preparation of Turkey Red. The latex is used for treating rheumatism and for treating sores on domestic stock, also as an emollient for treating hemorrhoids. The paper highlights the ability of various metabolites present in the plant to act as therapeutic agents and plant protectants. Because concerns have been voiced about the impact of oil-crop cultivation on the price of food commodities, the interest in oil plants not used for food production and amenable to cultivation on non-agricultural land has soared. Additionally, different parts of Jatropha have medicinal value, such as anticancer properties (Duke 1983). Jatropha curcas is a flowering plant that is native to Central America, Mexico, South America, and other tropical locales. Traditionally, Jatropha oil has been used for illuminating streets and homes, as a feedstock for the production of soap and for medicinal purposes. 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