Busby's Bore was built between 1827 and 1837 using convict labour and fresh water from Lachlan Swamp (later known as Centennial Park) to the city. "[2], The newly named "Centennial Park" became the focus for the Centenary celebration preparations. Centennial Park comprises 2.2 square kilometres (0.85 sq mi) of open space and lightly wooded grounds located within the City of Randwick. [37] Location on the rise known as Mount Rennie is the heritage-listed Moore Park Golf House that was opened on 19 June 1926. In recent years Centennial Park has developed its capacity to hold special events. It was thought that she had been murdered by a well-known Sydney criminal, Neddy Smith, but he was not convicted. For many individuals, groups and the community as a whole, Centennial Parklands is a cultural landscape that continues to play an important and vital role in personal and social histories. He advised on establishing the native plantings and walks at Ash Paddock and Lachlan Swamps. Moore Park became the focus for major sporting events and entertainment facilities with the establishment of the Zoological Gardens in 1879, the Royal Agricultural Society Showground (which would later become the venue for Sydney's annual 'Royal Easter Show')[8] and the first course of the Australian Golf Club in 1882. Nine men were sentenced to death and four were hanged despite controversy. [2], In 1984, the Centennial Park & Moore Park Trust was appointed to administer all of Centennial Park and Queens Park. Both men survived to fulfil their duties. [1] Centennial Park is one of Australia's most famous parks and is listed on the Register of the National Estate;[23] and is a grand park in the Victorian period tradition featuring formal gardens, ponds, grand avenues, statues, historic buildings and sporting fields.[20]. [2], The layout and landscape design of the park is attributed to Charles Moore, the Director of the Botanic Gardens from 1848-96 (but no connection with Charles Moore, Mayor). The park was built on swamp lands. The Lachlan Swamp hydrologic indicator site lies on the Lachlan River floodplain and covers around 30,000 ha, extending from Goonawarra Nature Reserve downstream past Oxley just above the to commencement of the Great Cumbung Swamp (Figure 2). The place also has strong associations with convict heritage, pathways and transportation routes, water supply, horticultural and agricultural experimentation, nature conservation, military use, and a diversity of sport, recreation and cultures. [2], The pavilion at which the swearing-in ceremony took place was raised on a platform consisting of a huge slab of Moruya granite with six sides to represent the original six states of the federation. An inscription around the pavilion is from a poem by Bernard O'Dowd, and reads: "Mammon or millennial Eden". [6] The responsibilities of the Centennial Park and Moore Park Trust cover low-lying wetlands, ornamental lakes, pine and native forests, expanses of grass, to playing fields, a golf course, tennis and netball courts and the Entertainment Quarter at nearby Moore Park. [2], Sydney Council took control of the Water Supply in 1842 and was responsible for the whole of the Lachlan Water Reserve. At a special pavilion erected in the park, Lord Hopetoun and Edmund Barton were sworn in respectively as the first governor-general and the first Prime Minister of the new Australian nation. Allotments of land alongside the South Head Road (Old South Head Road, now Oxford Street) were sold to fund the developments and soon Moore had overseen the construction of Randwick and Moore Park Roads and the creation of a public park incorporating the land around them. 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