It also produces seeds which are eaten by many birds and smaller animals. Major diseases of orchardgrass in our area has no quick fix yet, but fertility management helps. Orchardgrass. Seed heads in many varieties can appear in late April, which is a difficult time to get hay cured without rain damage. Not tolerant of close cutting or continuous close grazing. Some producers have experienced difficulty in producing well-filled, high-quality seed. Orchardgrass Seed - Orchardgrass is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. Orchardgrass is well adapted to grow with legumes such as alfalfa, red clover, lespedeza and white clover. Haymaster Premium Grass Mix is an all grass mix of top varieties of soft leaf tall fescue, late maturing orchardgrass and timothy. Orchardgrass Strategy Round-Table Summary of Shared Observations: Newly seeded orchardgrass fields seem to be growing better and surviving along the fence edges and field borders that are not cut or trampled. It is shade tolerant and resistant to … It is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. Orchardgrass prefers soil with good drainage and high fertility for optimum production. The best and most practical means of controlling diseases, hence improving animal performance and stand persistence, is to plant varieties that are resistant or highly tolerant to foliar diseases. Early Arctic Orchard Grass – An exceptional orchard grass that demonstrates above average hardiness. Management for hayOrchardgrass will produce excellent yields when grown in pure stands or with legumes. View more information → + Compare + Add to Seed List. University of Missouri Extension is an equal opportunity/access/affirmative action/pro-disabled and veteran employer. It forms a loose sod. Late heading varieties therefore can provide more flexibility in management options. It's what's for Dinner! If it is tilled under, Orchard Grass is an excellent source of carbon and organic matter, so it makes a great cover crop for fall or early spring applications. Orchardgrass is more tolerant of acid soils than timothy or bromegrass but will respond to limestone that is applied for a companion legume. Tall fescue also has a very deep root system with good drought tolerance. Rotational grazing with heavy stocking rates of cattle will give better animal performance and reduce spot grazing. Some south Missouri farmers have reported almost 100 percent loss of stands when harvest was delayed to the late bloom stage. This growth can be used for pasture, hay, greenchop or silage. It produces an extensive root system with rooting depths to 2 feet. Orchardgrass is a cool-season, tall-growing, bunchgrass. It can tolerate shade and drought and still manages to stay very productive. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: Hey HayTalk friends, Im in northern VA and make small squares for horse customers. 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Late maturity Ideal for alfalfa or clover mixes Superior yield Improved stand persistence High palatability Excellent seedling and plant vigor Stem Rust resistance Quick recovery after cutting Haymaster is a … Hallmark orchardgrass is very leafy early to … When using pure stands for hay, it is imperative that nitrogen be applied in combination with adequate phosphorous and potassium. Seed yields also can be increased by clipping and removing the stubble shortly after each year's seed harvest. SS Tar Mixture. Heavy grazing of orchardgrass during October can decrease carbohydrate storage and lead to some winter kill of plants. However, it will not tolerate wet areas as well as reed canarygrass or tall fescue. Left and right arrows move across top level links and expand / close menus in sub levels. Orchardgrass is a vigorous, medium-tolong-lived perennial bunch grass with deep fibrous roots. Forage can be grazed later in the fall when plants have become more winter hardy. However, new disease-resistant varieties and good management techniques should help maintain high-producing stands for several years, even in the more shallow soils in south Missouri. “As a source of fiber, well-made orchardgrass hay has a place in the diets of all types of horses. 16-18 lbs. Seeds should be sown approximately ¼-1/2" deep. One undesirable trait is that forage quality of spring growth declines rapidly as maturity increases. Most other varieties require 16 inches. Where to Buy Persist Planting Information “The most significant and important attribute of Persist is persistence. Harvestar has been trialed extensively and has proven reliable in yield, digestibility and persistence in all areas of orchard- grass … Orchardgrass & Tall Fescue. Orchardgrass has good winterhardiness, tolerance to shade and moderate tolerance to drought. DEVOUR Orchardgrass. Orchardgrass can grow up to five feet tall and prefers well-drained soils and is more tolerant of shade than other pasture grasses. A clean, firm seedbed is important to help plants make a more vigorous early growth and resist winter heaving. When seed are broadcast and incorporated by disking or dragging, … Data from MU showed that when the stem rust pathogen is present, orchardgrass stands are severely depleted during late July and throughout the month of August. The former is rich in fiber and low in calories, calcium, and protein, which makes it the best type of hay for guinea pigs. The blade is 6-15 mm wide, 10-30 cm long and flat with a sharp-pointed tip. The species is … Soil test reports should be used as a guide in determining rates of N, P2O5 and K2O to apply for desired yield goals. Excellent summer regrowth potential. Despite market competition with a myriad of new “improved” varieties it … Nitrogen needs to be applied earlier than for hay production, as early applications form reproductive growth over leafy growth. Tall fescue Species description, p. 54; vegetative grasses/seed heads, p. 37. orchardgrass varieties it is a bunch type grass. Grazer Orchard Grass Blend contains early, medium, and late maturing varieties. Planting Grass Seed in Fall or Spring: The ideal time to plant grass seed varies by hardiness zone, but is usually in the spring, once temperatures have reached a consistent 60 F and there is no more danger of frost. The summer re-growth may be used for grazing, but avoid heavy grazing during September and October. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a cool season introduced perennial bunchgrass. per acre. Most Missouri orchardgrass is seeded with a companion legume as shown in the accompanying table. Developed to withstand the rigors of intensive grazing systems which can destroy lesser varieties… Yields of orchardgrass can be seriously reduced by high temperatures, low moisture supplies and the presence of plant diseases. We want to … Orchardgrass is a bunch grass that exhibits reproductive growth of 2-4′ in height and vegetative growth from 6-18″. Orchardgrass. The 13 varieties were evaluated for yield, stand percentage, maturity timing, disease incidence, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. Orchardgrass is well adapted to grow with legumes such as alfalfa, red clover, lespedeza … JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Other developments by private companies are also being offered for sale in the state. Orchard grass uses span more than erosion, fodder, hay, silage and natural ground cover. It is one of the most important and widely used forage grasses. We provide many grass seed related services including contract production, varietal acquisition, and proprietary seed marketing. Bred to withstand close grazing. The species is rather slow to establish but has good persistency if managed properly. In a three-year shade tolerance study, yield and stand were not affected by reducing light by 33 percent. AC Killarney Orchardgrass. Pasture managementWhen managed properly, orchardgrass will produce excellent results in pasture programs for dairy and beef. In a similar study involving cow/calf pairs, calves gained 1.80 pounds per day on orchardgrass and 1.51 pounds per day on fescue. Whether you are growing a type of oat hay, or alfalfa hay or timothy grass hay you may come to a cross road and want to try something new. Mustard Varieties; Oats Seed; Orchardgrass; Organic Seeds; Pasture Seed. Plants are 20-48 inches. Well what may seem new to you is a tried and true traditional grass that grows the way native grass would grow. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Varieties Many new orchardgrass varieties have been released in the past decade. The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. Seeds sown deeper may not be able to break through the surface of the soil. Primarily for pasture and hay forage production because it is highly palatable. Tekapo. Orchard grass pasture grass seed is a very robust, drought and shade tolerant grass. Properly managed orchardgrass plants will have a higher leaf-to-stem ratio than tall fescue. Table 3Average daily gains (pounds) of steers grazing orchardgrass, Mo. Orchardgrass takes a year or more to reach its full production potential. In this example, 10 pounds of bulk seed would deliver 6.8 pounds of Pure Live Seed. As a forage grass it is highly edible and helps to provide protein in the diet of the four footed species. Forage & Pasture Sites, Grasses & Grass-like Species Classification: Herbaceous Perennial Habitat: Open fields, meadows, roadsides with well-drained medium-textured soils. The remainder of the N should be applied immediately after the first cutting in August to encourage late summer growth. We can then ship your seed directly to you, or you can come pick it up at Albert Lea Seed. Toll-Free: (888) 836-3697 It also regrows quickly after harvest, making it well suited for seeding with frequently harvested alfalfa. Sheep fescue is particularly valuable. It is more shade tolerant than most other forage grasses, but is less tolerant to continuous grazing than ryegrass or fescue. Drilling orchardgrass and the companion legume seed is preferred. Most varieties have good winter-hardiness, although few varieties have superior winter-hardiness. Band seeding with some phosphorus-starter fertilizer markedly improves seedling vigor of grasses or grass-legume mixtures. Seeding occurred either in the spring or fall of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014. It is more heat and drought tolerant than most cool season grasses, and thus produces more feed during the summer. Orchard Grass seed is easy to establish with the planting of legumes and other food sources and can be grown in the shadier areas where some other grasses won’t grow. Close grazing can be especially detrimental during hot weather. Orchardgrass competes vigorously with alfalfa for potassium, potentially reducing the yield and persistence of alfalfa. Establishment . Stands become clumpy with age and have a short life (usually less than five years). Orchardgrass is well adapted throughout Missouri, but its persistence may be a problem on south slopes in the droughty shallow soils of the Ozark Mountains. It produces less fall growth than tall fescue under similar growing conditions. Premium high yielding grass/alfalfa mixture. Diseases of orchardgrass are also partly responsible for stand depletions. Excellent for use in mixtures with other grasses … The minimum specifications for certified orchardgrass seed are 85 percent purity and 80 percent germination. Good results are obtained with grain drills when orchardgrass is put through the grain box and the companion legume is seeded from the small legume box. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: Hey HayTalk friends, Im in northern VA and make small squares for horse customers. Some of these varieties may be very well adapted to Missouri. Orchardgrass is an old reliable standby in many parts of the U.S. Orchard grass uses span more than erosion, fodder, hay, silage and natural ground cover. Orchardgrass is easy to establish and has a more dense root system than smooth bromegrass, timothy or bluegrass. When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. Orchardgrass should be established in the fall. As with close grazing, close cutting can lead to stand reduction. Normally, the top annual yields in south Missouri will range from 2-1/2 to 3 tons per acre. However, this late fall growth will be less acceptable to cattle than tall fescue. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence. It is a cool season bunchgrass and is widely distributed in the United States and throughout the world. Stem rust, leaf spots, brown stripe and scald are among the most prevalent in Missouri and surrounding states. For this reason, fall seedings are not recommended in the northern one-third of the state. A perennial cool-season bunch grass that is used for hay and grazing pastures. Home » Wholesale Forage Seed » Grasses » Orchardgrass. Late August to early September are considered best fall seeding dates in most of the state, with mid-September seedings satisfactory in the extreme southern areas. Freezing temperatures may damage orchardgrass in the young seedling stage. Orchardgrass produces heavy growth during April and May. When soils are extremely low in phosphorus (10 pounds P or less), it is a good practice to apply and incorporate the major portion of recommended phosphorus, then apply some as a starter. At the present time, Hallmark is the most commonly grown orchardgrass variety in the state of Missouri. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. It is long-lived and fast growing, producing faster re-growth in summer than Timothy Grass. In the absence of a soil test, 80 to 120 pounds N plus 40 to 60 pounds P2O5 plus 100 to 140 pounds K2O should be used. Orchardgrass is a very robust, drought, and shade tolerant grass. Orchardgrass will respond to good fertility and management practices by producing 2-1/2 to 4 tons of high quality forage per acre. Orchardgrasses by Barenbrug. Some of the older varieties, such as Potomac and Penn late have given Orchardgrass a bad reputation for getting diseased in late summer, being clumpy, heading out too early in spring, and not being palatable. This grass is fast growing and can produce 2 1/2 to 4 tons of forage … It has been reported growing in the United States since before 1760. The bunch-type growth characteristic and shade tolerance combine to make orchardgrass well adapted to grow with competitive tall growing legumes such as alfalfa and red clover. Haymaster can be used for hay, silage and pasture and is Potassium fertility is especially important when orchardgrass is grown with alfalfa and should not be allowed to become limiting. For grazing, orchard grass is best sown with legumes to provide a more balance nutritional profile and to assist with nitrogen fixation. Seedings of orchardgrass can also be made with broadcast equipment such as fertilizer trucks, buggies or tractor-mounted distribution. This is especially true with reference to fertilizer application and stage of maturity to harvest. … If it is harvested in seed production, the forage quality drops rapidly. Drag chains on the drill will cover the seed adequately. As a manure and … From a nutritional angle, as those classified advertisements indicate, orchardgrass can be a worthwhile component in almost any horse-feeding scenario. It is one of the earliest grasses to initiate growth in the spring and makes tremendous growth during cool conditions. The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. Among grasses, orchardgrass does particularly well in mixed stands. Varieties. alone, 4-6 lbs. The legume seed should be allowed to drop straight to the ground to prevent covering too deep. Basal: Spring - Fall: Excellent: AC Nordic: Hay & Pasture. Alfalfa orchardgrass mixtures should normally be harvested when alfalfa is at early bloom to one tenth bloom. Orchardgrass may be seeded with fly-resistant wheat in south Missouri, seeded with spring oats in north Missouri or interseeded with winter wheat in early spring. At Best Forage, we strive to provide the dairy, livestock, and forage producer with the best seed genetics and the latest management information to help them improve the profitability of their operation. Home / Forage Seed / Grasses / Orchard Grass. Spring seedings should be successful if made in late March to early April in the southern part of the state, and most of April is considered satisfactory in north Missouri. Graze it heavily or mechanically harvest it early to promote high yields of high quality forage. Grass … Less tolerant of drought, poor drainage, and close grazing than tall fescue. Grass Species (Orchard Grass) Figure 13b. However, orchardgrass re-growth, which is mostly leaves, is very high in quality. Description. Orchardgrass is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance. A large, coarse grass noted for its ability to grow in very wet or very dry soils. The site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. Orchardgrass is ideal for hay and/or grazing. Many diseases attack orchardgrass. Seeding . Stands will be more productive and last longer than bromegrass or timothy when grown with alfalfa that is cut frequently and heavily fertilized. We carry certified orchard grass seed varieties … Seed at 15-18 lbs. Harvesting the spring growth of orchardgrass at late-boot to early-head stage will produce higher quality forage than allowing the plant to mature further. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). Harvesting at a height of four inches will help maintain strong root reserves, leading to fast recovery of re-growth and better stand persistence. It is more heat and drought tolerant than most cool season grasses… Hallmark produces forage yields equal to or slightly above most other adapted varieties and persists fairly well in most areas of the state (Table 2). Orchardgrass can produce high quality, high yielding feed if harvested in a timely fashion (ideally late boot stage to early bloom). General Product Information: Item Number: DACGLO02 Species Type: Naturalized Product Categories: Forage & Pasture Sites, Grasses & Grass … Local: (260) 351-4227 This can be more of a concern when late harvest is followed by high temperatures and low moisture supply. The following is a list of types of grass hay for horses. The following fertility practices should be applied to realize the top potential of pure stands of orchardgrass. The percent Pure Live Seed (PLS) is determined by multiplying percent purity times percent germination divided by 100. The use of a cultipacker or lightweight roller is very important for the same reasons cited above. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. We have blended together three different orchard grass varieties to give you a pasture grass that will develop at different stages. Orchardgrass is fast-growing and matures very early in the spring. The following seeding rates in pounds per acre should be considered as minimums. There are some varietal variations but, in general, orchardgrass matures about one week earlier than tall fescue and about two weeks before smooth bromegrass. This is probably due to less demand than for tall fescue seed and because very few acres of orchardgrass are grown alone, making them suitable for seed harvest. Send email through our Contact page. in mixes. Good seed yields should be expected when farmers apply fertilizer according to soil test recommendations. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality fora… Spike tooth harrows or "brush type" drags make good tools for covering broadcast seed. Orchard grass is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. Table 1Minimum seeding rates in pounds per acre. Several research studies have demonstrated higher animal intake and better animal performance from orchardgrass pasture as compared with tall fescue pasture, especially during spring and early summer. This … Crown Royale was bred for its increased forage yield, greater tillering and resistance to folier diseases, including leaf and stem rust. The performance of the orchardgrass varieties … Orchardgrass will do well in areas with less than ideal fertility and moisture, but is not adapted for very wet areas. Cell: (260) 336-7944 Harvestar performs well in a mono-stand or in mixtures with other grasses and/or legumes. Thus, fall seedings should be made about 45 days before the first killing frost (usually about 27 to 28 degrees Fahrenheit) so seedlings can develop well enough to survive the winter. Click on the species/variety list below or use the right-side menu for more details. EstablishmentTake a good soil sample and follow soil test recommendations for lime and fertilizer when seeding orchardgrass or grass-legume mixtures. It grows on a wide range of soil types, doing well in low-fertility soils, but also responding well to high-fertility soils. Susceptible to leaf diseases. Stands of orchardgrass will often be more persistent when grown with a companion legume. 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