1972, May 10). The war began in 1960 and ended in 1973.The war was marked by anti war protests around the world including New Zealand.. By 2:00 am the demonstrators had dispersed (Rimer, S. 1972, May 11. As police officers continued to drive through the crowds, one woman parked on Hollister told the Daily Nexus “Well they must have been [beating protestors], didn’t you hear the screaming?”. Moving forward, an exhausted president, a heightened presence, and protests happening all over the country led us to 1968. America had been through nearly twenty years of the Cold War and they … ], [(“University Committee on War and Peace”, University of California, Santa Barbara, Student Organizations Collection, Box 10). PhotoQuest / Getty Images UArch 101. So did those of us active in the struggle against the Vietnam War. Joan Baez was a part of the outspoken liberal minority that had been speaking out against U.S involvement in Vietnam since the beginning of the conflict. Protests were initially peaceful and included sit-ins or teach-ins or marches, but they eventually erupted into violence. Vietnam War protests at the Pentagon, October 1967. ], [(Rimer, S; Haight, A. MP3 audio - Standard “Night actions rock Isla Vista”, (Eber, R.1972, May 11). May 1965. Perspectives on the ROTC debate took on many forms. ], [(“Are You in Favor of Peace in Vietnam”, University of California, Santa Barbara, Student Organizations Collection, Box 4). airport”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/mp48sd972, When police forces tried to subdue the protest at 9:30 pm, students began yelling “freeway!”, and headed to Hollister Avenue and Highway 101. The violence of these riots resulted in one person falling from a three-story building, while 13 others were arrested. Next, be sure read about how Henry Kissinger and Richard Nixon prolonged the Vietnam War. Most notably, Charles Marxer, a visiting professor had sympathized with students’ grievances. Protests against the Vietnam War did not start when America declared her open involvement in the war in 1964.America rallied to the call of the commander-in-chief and after the Gulf of Tonkin incident it became very apparent that few would raise protests against the decision to militarily support South Vietnam. In fact, the 10-year movement was a complex phenomenon that evolved strategically as circumstances changed. Behind the Anti-War Protests That Swept America in 1968 Anti-war demonstrators picketing in front of the White House on Jan. 19, 1968. 1971, November 3). Despite a brief upsurge in protests following and resumption of the air war against North Vietnam in the spring of 1972, the factionalization of the movement and the withdrawal of most U.S. forces led to a decline in protests. Fifty years ago, anti-war demonstrators took a … “Joan Baez describes Non Violence School”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/mp48sd947, [(Shelton, J. Amid the chaos of the Vietnam War across the Pacific Ocean and the protests at home, a conflict in the Bay Area proved inevitable. College students played an indispensable role in the anti-Vietnam war movement during the 1970s, and UCSB was no exception. The musical and movie “Hair” contrasted the death culture of the Vietnam War with an idealized hippie culture of peace. By 10:00 pm, when students realized a fence stood between them and the highway, they began walking back to IV, telling police officers they wanted no confrontation. While college students were not the only ones to protest, student activism played a key role in bringing antiwar ideas to the broader public. University of California, Santa Barbara, Associated Students Records. When the group was confronted by the ROTC, a protestor drove his car directly into the line of ROTC members. Protests, marches, and calls to action were ubiquitous around campus. While there is no one right answer for why the U.S. lost the war in Vietnam, Intrigued by this look at Vietnam War protests? Student Protests Campus unrest is one of the most-remembered aspects of the Vietnam War era, as students became increasingly involved in a number of social and political movements. The ROTC was voluntarily established at UCSB shortly after World War II and provided a way for male students during this period to fulfill their military obligations. The Santa Barbara airport protestors received national news coverage fro. University of California, Santa Barbara, Associated Students Records. The day after the bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong, students shut down the Santa Barbara airport, resulting in the cancelation of all flights for that day. But the students all acted from a common belief that the Vietnam War was wrong. “2,500 shut down S.B. When Nixon and National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger further escalated the war through implementing Operation Linebacker in 1972, UCSB students grew furious. Included in this collection are materials about anti-Vietnam War protests -- the November Action Coalition, 1969, and the National Student Strike Rally, May 1970 -- and declarations of women's solidarity with the oppressed and victimized people of the Third World. “Non-Violent revolt asked by pacifist”, Though Baez’s non-violent rhetoric resonated with many UCSB students, frustration with the war and the rise of organized student activism in the 1960s mobilized thousands of UCSB students. *This transcript was compiled from uncorrected Closed Captioning. We don't want your fucking war!" In early 1966, the escalation of the war in Vietnam continued. Another Mother for Peace group founded. University of California, Santa Barbara, Associated Students Records. Students participated through draft resistance, engaging in faculty discussions, attending teach-ins, and joining organizations such as the Student Peace Committee (see below). After the increased presence of American troops in Vietnam, the public grew more restless, and protests becam… The ROTC was voluntarily established at UCSB shortly after World War II and provided a way for male students during this period to fulfill their military obligations. Before the Isla Vista rally later that day, about 250 students confronted 25 ROTC officers at the ROTC building. David Arnold’s Sociology 128 class about the war in Vietnam, non-violence, and taking political action. The magnitude of this strike delivered an ultimatum to the U.S government, warning that if the U.S extends the invasion in Southeast Asia, turmoil will ensue on the home front. Anti-Vietnam war protests in England and Australia; September 21. “Letter to the Editor”, The events that occurred during these years at UCSB reflected the anger, disappointment, and frustration of students with the U.S government’s decisions. By 10:00 pm, when students realized a fence stood between them and the highway, they began walking back to IV, telling police officers they wanted no confrontation. See more ideas about vietnam protests, vietnam, vietnam war. UArch 101. The protests were sparked early in the 1960’s, during which they were based in colleges and large cities. Each escalation of U.S involvement in the war brought with it a new wave of student protest. It was during this period that widespread disillusionment with the war began reaching the general American public. Announcer: The number one complaint of many Americans in 1969 was the war in Vietnam. Common Slogans and Chants. One of the primary debates within the UCSB student body was regarding the rights of the ROTC. Protests Against The Vietnam War - Common Slogans and Chants. Like their counterparts overseas, local protestors espoused moral objections to New Zealand’s participation in the Vietnam War, including opposition to the weapons and tactics being engaged, and their impact on innocent civilians. As opposition to the Vietnam War grew, protests erupted in communities and college campuses across the United States. Images and video of the devastation and brutality of both sides of the war were readily available to the public, and they were ammunition for the movement. One of the primary debates within the UCSB student body was regarding the rights of the ROTC. As police officers continued to drive through the crowds, one woman parked on Hollister told the Daily Nexus “Well they must have been [beating protestors], didn’t you hear the screaming?”. The protests against the Vietnam War were a series of demonstrations against American involvement in the conflict between North and South Vietnam. During Fall Quarter of 1967, The Daily Nexus and El Gaucho were covered with letters to the editor about how the ROTC should handle student activism, and whether or not the ROTC should be considered for academic credit. ; 1963. College students played an indispensable role in the anti-Vietnam war movement during the 1970s, and UCSB was no exception. Department of Special Collections, UC Santa Barbara Library, University of California, Santa Barbara. “ROTC Dispute Rages on”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/9s161716b. These protests were attended by American pacifists commemorating the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of the Second World War. [2] Anti Vietnam Protests The first organised protests against the Vietnam War took place in both New York and Philadelphia during August 1963. https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/t148fj11g. “A Defence of ROTC”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/r494vm27z, [(Krend, J. Thousands rallied against the war in notable public actions between 1967 and 1971. In May of 1970, four students were killed by Ohio National Guard troops on the campus of Kent State University in Ohio during a protest. Prior to the occupation of the Military and Naval Sciences building, staff had also joined in on the discussion of the Vietnam War and the protests by students. “One officer was hit by a can and knocked down…two students climbed on top of the building, and 10 students were eventually allowed to enter the building to speak with Army Officers” (Daily Nexus, May 10 1972). Many students viewed protests against the military institution as unjust and unsubstantiated. Your email address will not be published. January 14 – 20,000–30,000 people staged a "Human Be-In" in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, near the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood that had become the center of hippie activity. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Javascript must be enabled in order to access C-SPAN videos. 947 Views Program ID: 322373-1 Category: Vignette Format: Vignette Location: Madison, Wisconsin, United States. “Viet Nam protest today; vigil stirs counter-pickets”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/h128nf83m, Joan Baez, a widely known folk songwriter and activist, came to UCSB in October of 1966 to speak in. was chanted repeatedly at demonstrations throughout the U.S. in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In late March 1966, a series of protests took place over three days across America. No confrontational or violent incidents occurred. This was also located on the main road from northern South Vietnam into the country of Laos. Learn how your comment data is processed. The debates, teach-ins, rallies, and protests that took place on campus are testaments to the abilities of young people to enact meaningful change. Major Bailey told the Daily Nexus in 1967 that the ROTC faculty members would “jump at the chance to discuss the issues with anyone willing to take the time…Pacifist attacks such as those witnessed here recently do not help matters any” (1971, November 3), https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/bg257g27q, [(Samuelsen, M. 1967, October 3). Beginning in May of 1965, students protested and discussed the war in every way imaginable. [(“The U.S. Military has Invaded Cambodia”, University of California, Santa Barbara, Student Organizations Collection, Box 10). Protests 1945. The Vietnam War dominated the mid-to-late sixties and taught American elected officials the limits of their powers and their failure to play the role of an international patrol. Marxer led a class on US policy in Vietnam beginning in the 1967 school year. As rocks were being thrown back and forth, the ROTC threw a total of five canisters of tear gas into the crowd on Pardall. The slogan "One, two, three, four! October also marked the first of many rallies in opposition to the war, which in turn sparked the first student conflicts regarding the morality of America’s involvement in Vietnam. “The Time to Act is Now.”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/3x816n74p, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/rj4305584, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/bk128b88g, 1965, October 15). m NBC and CBS, mirroring the American public’s growing opposition to the Vietnam war. The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. When student protestors began attacking the ROTC during the height of the war, many students defended the military program, claiming that ROTC officers were facing injustice and stereotyping. Vietnam Protests South Vietnam Vietnam Veterans Vietnam History Vietnam War Photos American War American History Good Morning Vietnam Combat Medic Que Son Valley, South of Da Nang, 1968 South Vietnam, January, 1968: Unavoidably out of uniform, Spec. These protests were attended by American pacifists commemorating the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of the Second World War. 1966, October 20). The Student Peace Committee was a prominent voice in the ROTC debate. Then, have a look at this photo history of the Vietnam War, and these iconic 1960s photos. The deaths shocked the nation and brought attention to the unrest of the times. These took the form of movie showings, theater productions, lectures, speeches, and artwork. The media played a significant role in opposition to the Vietnam War in the United States. On May 11th, the following day, Ronald Reagan walked off his helicopter onto Santa Barbara grounds, where he was greeted by 1,000 demonstrators. 1967, October 31). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. With time, however, troops in Vietnam grew to more than half a million Americans. A timeline of events leading up to and surrounding the Battle of Ong Thanh and the protests … Vietnam War Protests. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, was fought between America and the Communist forces in Vietnam. Patrick Quinn, David Maraniss, and Mayor Paul Soglin talked about the Vietnam War Protests in Madison, Wisconsin, during the 1960s. Supporters for the end of the war used signs, most often for shock value. The Vietnam War was characterized by so many protests that it can be confidently argued that the protests marked the greatest anti-war movement in the history of the United States. For instance, the previously inactive Young Americans for Freedom group mobilized in 1965 in order to protest SFPA actions on campus. “‘Friends of ROTC’ Formed by Santa Barbara Citizens”, https://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/downloads/ww72bc81w, [(Russ, B. Department of Special Collections, UC Santa Barbara Library, University of California, Santa Barbara. Finally, check out some of the most incredible Woodstock photos that will transport you back to 1969. The events that occurred during these years at UCSB reflected the anger, disappointment, and frustration of students with the U.S government’s decisions. UArch 101. Here are some of the many postings reminding students of the urgency of protest and circumstances of the war: In October of 1965, Students for Free Political Action (SFPA) sponsored the first teach-ins, movie screenings, and speeches from nationally recognized activists at UCSB. As rocks were being thrown back and forth, the ROTC threw a total of five canisters of tear gas into the crowd on Pardall. Timeline: Vietnam War and Protests From the Collection: Vietnam War. Protests against the war also accelerated. Department of Special Collections, UC Santa Barbara Library, University of California, Santa Barbara. This event angered many students who felt that these violent protests were unjustified, as demonstrated by this letter to the editor of the Daily Nexus: The following day, 1,000 UCSB students gathered on the UCen lawn to continue the anti-war rally. 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