It is one of the most important food sources for fall song bird migration. Nyssa aquatica is the water tupelo and Nyssa sylvatica var. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The flowers bloom in the spring from April-June are not showy. Sun: This Black Tupelo (Black Gum) does best in full sun, partial shade. However, it should be sited in a permanent location because its long taproot makes it difficult to transplant later. Leaf Shape Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. When the black gum is young, it is usually formed into a pyramidal shape. var. Small, 1/2 inch, dark purple oval fruits (drupes) appears on female trees only.They are quite sour, hence the name. The leaves are lustrous green above and paler but pubescent below. The spring flowers are a nectar source for bees. Afterburner ® tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica 'David Odum'): This cultivar grows 35 feet high and 20 feet wide. Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. 1 Feed the tree in the fall with a slow-release granular fertilizer. Bark on younger trees is furrowed between flat ridges and matures into quadrangular blocks that are dense, hard, and nearly black. The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on very old stems. Collections: Collection - Native, New Blooms Local Stock. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to : Simple with Pinnate or Parallel Venation, Distribution The bark is brown to black or gray and is deeply furrowed and broken into small irregular blocks. DELIVERED AUGUST 2020 Black Tupelo Tree (Nyssa sylvatica) Supplied height 90cm - 200 cm, 2-3 years old. The smooth, gray bark of younger trees darkens with age, breaking into rectangular blocks that are separated by deep crevices. Small greenish-white flowers are followed by purple or blue fruits. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. biflora is the Swamp Tupelo. Brilliant Red Leaves, Even in Spring Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? Black-gum, also named black tupelo is a medium to large sized tree growing upwards to 100 feet in height. Width (Feet) 35. And many Green Gable Black Gums live up to 250 years - imagine the centuries of memories your family can make playing under the shade of this remarkable tree. Swamp tupelo information tells us that it is a tree that can soar to over 100 feet (30 m.) in height and swell out to 4 feet (1.2 m.) in diameter. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet,  but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. It has some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, and rust. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. The Black tupelo tree makes an excellent specimen tree with its outstanding summer and fall foliage and habit> It is lovely in a naturalized area. The simple leaves are alternate, deciduous and oval to ovate in shape. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). The bark is brown to black or gray and is deeply furrowed and broken into small irregular blocks. This would account for some plants being loaded with egg-shaped blue-black berries, while others may only have a few berries.The tree does well in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The Green Gable Black Gum is … It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be Leaves turn yellow, orange, red to purple in the fall. You'll enjoy the Green Gable, no matter where you live. Mature Height: 35-45 feet. Black-gum, also named black tupelo is a medium to large sized tree growing upwards to 100 feet in height. Thin, bitter smelling flesh surrounds the small, ribbed seeds. : 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah. Typically, many slender, horizontally spreading branches grow from a straight trunk and provide this elegant, broadly conical habit. Wildfire Black Gum (Tupelo) Status: Out of Stock. This tree is an excellent choice to support wildlife in the landscape. Nyssa sylvatica Marsh. It is tolerant of drought, heat, dry and wet soils, and moderately salt tolerant. On the other hand the tree is usually loaded with fruits, and it can grow to be 80’ tall, so as fall progresses the ground gets covered in these small fruits. The nectar from the flowers is sought after by bees and Tupelo honey is highly prized. It prefers moist, acidic soils, but is adaptive and tolerates poorly-drained soils and standing water, some drought and some dry soils, at least in the wild. It is found in dry upland forests (occasionally bottomlands), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded. The fruit are eaten by squirrels and several species of birds. Slender limbs grow at right angles to the trunk. Full sun (6+ hours direct sun) Moisture Requirements. It needs full sun to grow to its fullest height, although it can flourish in part shade as well. Where to Plant: Great tree for a narrow space in your yard or in a planting strip with no overhead power lines. Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. Is known as one of the most attractive trees; Provides stunning fall color in many shades of yellow, orange, red, and purple; Develops bark that furrows with age, resembling alligator hide; Serve as an important food source for bees, birds, and other wildlife; Will be delivered at a height of 2'–3' The fruit is a bluish black drupe with 1 to 3 flowers clustered on long stems. Why Fast-Growing-Trees.com is Better. Resistant to fire. Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. In the late summer to mid-fall the tree produces a bluish black egg-shaped 1/2 inch wide fruit clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2 inches long. Further, it is also known to prefer wetlands. The mature height of the black gum can be 30 to 75 feet tall and 20 to 35 feet wide, depending on the growing location and climate. The … street tree planting width: 6 feet. It is found growing in swamps, lowlands, and open sandy woodlands. It can grow up to a height of 35 meters but tends to stay between 20 and 25 when it is fully grown. This tree is somewhat resistant to deer damage. Min. Nyssa sylvatica Tree Dogwood Family. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The fruit is bluish black drupe. biflora (Walt.) All these trees can grow to … INSIGHT: Nyssa also includes the East Texas Tupelo Tree. Light Requirements. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. Its young sprouts are eaten by white-tailed deer. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. Proper Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire'. Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). You can find some good ones there on the ground or pick them off the tree if you can reach the branches. It can also be found in the hills and mountains on dry slopes with oaks and hickories. Tree Shape: Upright oval. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. AWARD + HARDY + LOW MAINTENANCE + DAMP SITE **FREE UK MAINLAND DELIVERY + FREE 100% TREE WARRANTY** "Tupelo" is a Native American Indian name. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. Sarg. Growth Rate: This Black Gum tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. This typically medium-sized tree sometimes grows to 90 or 100 feet in height. It has a flowering habit that is polygamodioecious, meaning that some plants have mostly male flowers while others have mostly female flowers, with most plants having a few perfect flowers. Leaves:Glossy green leaves turn brilliant shades of red in fall. You can also view a clickable map. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. Black Tupelo, Nyssa, is a deciduous tree that grows to 50 feet tall or more. black tupelo, sourgum, sour gum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large forest tree reaching a height of over 100 feet and a trunk that exceeds 3 feet in diameter, with a straight trunk and many horizontal branches of a similar size that form a narrow, oval crown. The black gum tree can grow to a towering 75 feet in height with a canopy stretching out to 35 feet. A stately tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown (more pyramidal when young) that typically grows 30-50' tall, but occasionally to 90'. https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeGuide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=793 The natural hollows that form in the tree are a refuge for reptiles, tree frogs, bats and other wildlife. The honey bees produce from the flowers of this tree is highly prized. Product type: Ornamental Trees. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. The dioecious flowers are greenish and occur in axillary clusters. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. N.C. The fruit of black gum are eaten by squirrels and several species of birds. Leaves are 3 to 6 inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches wide, alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points. The Blackgum has moderate water requirements, and displays a moderate tolerance to salt and alkali soils. Fruit ripens ripens in late September as leaves are changing color. Very symmetrical shape (upright pyramidal to oval); excellent red fall color. However, most black gum trees settle in at around 30 feet with a span of 20 feet of leafy branches. Individual flowers are about an 1/8 of an inch. Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 14, 2018 2:18 PM. On sprouts or young trees, the leaves may have a few coarse teeth. Maryland Distribution: A canopy tree commonly found in forests of wet to average moisture. Height (Feet) 45. The Black Tupelo or Black Gum is a beautiful, high quality tree that grows in the wild in wet bottomlands to upland forest edges from southern Maine down to central Florida into east Texas to southern Missouri & Illinois, in all Indiana up into southern Michigan into the tip of very south Ontario. Maine south to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, and Missouri northeast through Illinoise and Michigan and Ontario. form a strategic partnership called N.C. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. The bark is light grey and deeply furrowed to create rectangular or square ridges (cobbled). Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Wood is touch, cross-grained, hard to work, and warps easily. However, the shape of the crown may vary from tree to tree, some displaying a flat-topped crown. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. The Blackgum is grown as an ornamental for its beautiful, scarlet red, fall color and the shiny, dark green leaves in the summer. The simple leaves are alternate, deciduous and oval to ovate in … Its crown is a narrow oval and the tan colored bark has vertical furrows. When properly cared for, black gum trees reach 30 to 50 feet tall with a 20- to 30-foot spread. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can … Cultivars and their differences. Black gum, or black tupelo ( Nyssa sylvatica ), with autumn foliage. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or pests. The fruit has a solitary light brown seed. The leaves are 5 to 15 cm long and 3 to 8 cm wide. Black gum features a straight trunk with unique bark that forms deep fissures with age. The shape of the tree is unusual. Female trees only. Produces a thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the mouth as a masticatory, it is also used in preserves. It is often used for crates, cross ties, rough floors, and pulpwood. Its simple leaves turn flaming red in the fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in winter. The brilliant scarlet colors of autumn leaves are among the first to develop as the seasons change. Soil: It can live to be 650 years old, and during its lifetime will contribute to honey production for bees, an will supply berries that are an important source of … Fruit: 3/8" blue-black drupe. It withstands wind and ice and salt spray in coastal locations. Fruits are available August-October. The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) falls into the following type(s): Shade Trees Mature Height: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) grows to be 30' - 50' feet in height. The fruits (berries) are enjoyed by thrushes and other songbirds, wild turkeys, black bear, foxes, raccoons and opossums from August through October. Key Identifying Characteristics:  Leaf shape (broadest near the tip), irregular coarse teeth near the tips of some leaves, and branches held more or less 90 degrees to the main stem. Black-gum can be found growing in swamps, lowlands, and open sandy woodlands. The fruits are also often used to flavor pies, preserves, and drinks. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. Leaf miner and scale are occasional insect pests. Mature Spread: 20 feet. Mature Spread: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has a spread of about 20' - 30' at full maturity. Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. 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