Trees of this species are expected to live over 60 years. Corvallis: Central Park, west of the playground area. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. Phytologia; Designed to Expedite Botanical Publication. yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. The name of the forest is derived from the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea), a tree seldom found this far north in the United States; it flowers here only every three to five years. Plants from Alabama have the leaves more densely hairy underneath than those from further north, and are distinguished as Cladrastis kentukea f. tomentosa (Steyermark) Spongberg. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: ** Plant Notes: ** Taxonomic Notes: ** Status: Native, S3 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank) References: ** … gr., 0.6278; weight of cu. Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd: Common Name: Yellow Wood; Kentucky Yellow Wood: Habitat: Rich woods over calcareous substrates, especially on slopes. Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized. Yellowwood also has a beautiful framework of branches that provides winter interest, but the tree’s multiple trunk habit makes it prone … Family. Leaves: Alternate, pinnately compound, eight to twelve inches long, main stem stout, enlarged at base. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. Cladrastis kentukea is a deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown; it usually grows 10 - 15 metres tall, exceptionally reaching 20 metres. References . For other plants with a similar common name, see, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cladrastis_kentukea&oldid=978038782, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Patrick Breen, Habit: Vase-shaped branching with an oval to rounded or even broad … Photo by, Chhe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons This is a medium-sized deciduous tree with smooth grey bark and a broad, rounded crown. K. Koch; International Common Names. Cladrastis lutea (F. 1971 "kentuckea" USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Tree ID: 5. Sp. 'Rosea', an invalid name) with pink flowers. Its scientific name is derived from the Greek words klados, meaning “branch” and thraustos, meaning “fragile,” which refers to the brittle wood and branches. Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia.[2]. Home » Trees » Fabaceae » Cladrastris kentukea » Yellowwood. Other common names for yellow wood include American yellow wood, virgilia and gopherwood. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. Home » Tree Names Index » Genus: Cladrastis » Species: kentukea Picture of a Yellowwood Tree (Cladrastis kentukea) Picture of a American Yellowwood Tree, (Cladrastis kentukea) Species. Tom Dorman State Nature Preserve-Wikipedia. Yellowwood Basic Information. Fabaceae. All common names: Yellowwood, American yellowwood. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are white. Rudd. Cours.) Wood: Yellow to pale brown; heavy, hard, close-grained and strong. Velma Rudd (1971, 1972) finally corrected this error and made the new combination Cladrastis kentukea based upon the earliest name for the plant, following the Botanical Rules of Nomenclature, first using the epithet kentuckea (Rudd 1971), and later correcting that to kentukea (Rudd 1972). Identification; Bark; Take the Walk; About; Help; You are here. Cladrastis kentukea, also known as yellowwood or American yellowwood is a medium sized (30-50 feet) deciduous tree native to North America. Identification: Leaves – deciduous, alternate, pinnately compound, with alternate leaflets; leaflets are obvate, entire, and yellow-green.. Twigs – stout with naked buds that are completely enclosed within the petiole.. Fruit – a 3-4″ legume, often constricted in the middle. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Rudd Show All Show Tabs Kentucky yellowwood kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. [2] It thrives in full sunlight and in well-drained soil, tolerates high pH soils as well as acid situations. Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming … The smooth dark gray bark along with the narrow branch angles makes a good winter identification feature. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Michx.) Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming drooping clusters or pea-like structures. Perfect, papilionaceous, white, borne in drooping terminal panicles twelve to fourteen inches long, five to six inches broad, slightly fragrant. Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. ft., 39.12 lbs. Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our … Some authors write the name as one word, "yellowwood." Statistics. YELLOWWOOD - CLADRASTIS KENTUKEA. Leaf: odd-pinnate, fresh … American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood A medium deciduous tree known for its smooth gray bark, vase-shaped habit, and extremely fragrant pendulous white flowers. Its native habitat is found in small patches throughout the southeastern United States. Cladrastis (Leguminosae subfamily Faboideae tribe Sophoreae): a historic and taxonomic overview. Winter buds: Four in a group, making a tiny cone and enclosed in the hollow base of the petiole. Specifications. Bark: Smooth gray, or light brown. Yellowwood is a native tree with an open graceful spreading crown with three seasons of interest. This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 14:46. Cladrastis kentukea. Vernacular names . Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Cladrastis kentukea : Geographic Information Geographic Division: North America : Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native : Canada, Introduced : Comments Comment: US ESA: No longer a candidate species because more abundant and widespread than previously believed and not subject to the degree of threats to warrant status according to notice of review, as published in Federal Register Volume 50, … Seeds four to six, dark brown. Lifespan. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall. Cladrastis is from Greek in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea is the Latin form meaning of Kentucky. State documented: documented to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within the state. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall.Cladrastis is native to eastern Asia, and one species to … Yellowwood State Forest-Wikipedia * Cladrastis kentukea (Yellow-wood) - introduced List of trees of Canada-Wikipedia. The rare Yellowwood tree is also found in this preserve. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. The hanging panicles of flowers in the spring become hanging yellow-brown fruits and leaf color becomes yellow-orange in the fall. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Species: Cladrastis kentukea (kla-dras'tis ken-tuk'ee-ah) Yellowwood Cultivar Information * See specific cultivar notes on next page. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. The Plant List includes 28 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Cladrastis.Of these 8 are accepted species names. This is a large family with species like wattles (Acacia spp. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of … You may see this tree classified under Cladrastis kentukea, Cladrastis lutea or Cladrastis tinctoria. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. The flowers are fragrant, white, produced in Wisteria-like racemes 15–30 cm long. It produces clusters of white pea-like flowers in Spring. It is also listed as Cladrastis lutea, a synonym. Scientific Name . In autumn they turn a bright clear yellow. Well-drained soil. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. Kentucky yellowwood is recommended as one of the best medium-sized trees for cultivation as an ornamental plant in gardens. These trees include hickory, black walnut, oak, yellow poplar, birch, beech, elm, cherry, sweetgum, and sycamore. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. (Jaknouse/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0) Here are the important botanical markers to look for in the most common alternate ranked tree species in North America. Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America. The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. They come out the bud pale green, downy; when full grown are dark green above, pale beneath. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. In the fall, the leaves turn a mix of yellow, gold, and orange. Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. Germany: Amerikanisches Gelbholz; Echtes Gelbholz; Italy: Legno giallo; EPPO code. The other six are found in Asia. The fruit is a pod 5–8 cm long, containing 2-6 seeds. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. FEATURES Form-medium to large ornamental/shade, deciduous tree-maturing at 40-50' tall … Feather-veined, midrib and primary veins prominent, grooved above, light yellow beneath. Cladrastis kentukea is widely grown as an ornamental tree for its attractive flowers, and is locally naturalized in many areas of the eastern United States outside of its restricted native range. Identification A member of the legume family, Fabaceae, the yellow wood (Cladrastis kentukea) has a botanical name synonym of Cladrastis lutea. Hardy to USDA Zone 4    Native from North Carolina to Kentucky and Tennessee. County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). This is the only species in the genus to come from North America. Deutsch: … Cladrastis kentukea NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Andrews, S. Trees of the Year: Cladrastis and Maakia. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. The leaves are compound pinnate, 20–30 cm long, with 5-11 (mostly 7-9) alternately arranged leaflets, each leaflet broad ovate with an acute apex, 6–13 cm long and 3–7 cm broad, with an entire margin and a thinly to densely hairy underside. The name yellowwood derives from its yellow heartwood, used in small amounts for specialist furniture, gunstocks and decorative woodturning. Calyx: Campanulate, five-lobed, enlarged on the upper side. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Branchlets at first downy, but soon become smooth, light yellowish green; later red brown, finally dark brown. May 2012. One of the rarest trees of eastern North America. Wedge-shaped at base, entire, acute, terminal leaflets rhomboid-ovate. Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean “branch” and “fragile” in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means “of Kentucky.” Common Name. Yellowwood is a medium sized (about 30 to 50 feet tall) tree that is native to North … The pinnate leaves are 20-30 … Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. The yellowwood belongs to the Fabaceae (pea) family. Flowering is in early summer (June in its native region), and is variable from year to year, with heavy flowering every second or third year. Leaves alternate, odd-pinnately compound, 20-30 cm long, usually 7-9 leaflets (terminal leaflet largest), each elliptic to ovate, entire, bright green, petiole enlarged at base and enclosing bud. Leaf of Cladrastis kentukea. Flowers small, fragrant, white, in pendulous clusters; pods (legume) turn brown in fall. As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae … Cladrastis kentukea, Yellowwood, is a small deciduous tree to 15 (20) m tall with a DBH of up to 0.91 m, and its vegetative parts are generally hairless, though individuals from Alabama and elsewhere sometimes have pubescent twigs and leaf undersides, at least when young; the bark of the trunk is smooth, thin, and silvery gray; the leaves are compound, odd-pinnate (with a terminal leaflet), and 10 … Family: Fabaceae. The Yellowwood can withstand urban settings and is attractive to birds. Cours.) Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Cladrastis kentukea has a big, fleshy root system and thrives best in a sunny, warm location but its hardiness is good. At the Morton Arboretum, one of the roads opens into a small grove of yellowwoods, and I can vividly remember the way the afternoon sun filters through the … Family . Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood Although smooth like the bark of a beech tree, the ornamental bark of the yellowwood is dark gray in color. The tree forms a characteristic trunk when older. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. Broadleaf deciduous tree, 30-50 ft (9-15 m), usually low branching with broad, rounded crown of delicate branches. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Oregon State Univ. Spongberg, S. A. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. Fruit: Legume, smooth, linear-compressed, tipped with the remnants of the styles. Submission: Nathan Stephansky ‘17. The Society of Municipal Arborists selected the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea or C. lutea) as its Urban Tree of the Year for 2015. Origin of the species name. The smooth gray bark … Ornamental Characteristics Size: Tree > 30 feet Height: 30' - 50' Leaves: Deciduous Shape: round Ornamental Other: Environmental Characteristics Light: Full sun Hardy To Zone: 4b Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0) Environmental Other: showy, fragrant … Cladrastis kentukea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Family (Botanic): Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) Planting Site: Residential and parks, City parkway, Wide median; Tree or Plant Type: Tree; Foliage: Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves) Native Locale: North America; Landscape Uses: Parkway/street, Patio/sidewalk, Shade tree, Specimen; Size Range: Large … Cladrastis kentukea | Family: Fabaceae . This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. Pistil: Ovary superior, linear, bright red, hairy, bearing a long incurved style. The tree … Corolla: Papilinaceous; standard broad, white, marked on the inner surface with a pale yellow blotch; wings oblong; keel petals free. & Ma, J.-S. (1997). The species is native to the southeastern U.S. Yellowwood won a Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Award in 1994.[3]. The native range is stretched from Kentucky through North Carolina, but is also found along the bordering states. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. Tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) tree. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Native: indigenous. On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin names spoken, look up … Yellowwood is a rare tree native to isolated … Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. The Kentucky champion tree is in Cave Hill Cemetery in Jefferson County and is almost 80 feet tall. Cours.) Cladrastis kentukea. Description: This yellowwood tree is found on the hill leading down to Marsh Botanical Gardens. Sun. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Common Name(s): Yellowwood; Previously known as: Cladrastis lutea; Phonetic Spelling klah-DRAS-tis ken-TUK-ee-ah Description. campus: south of the CH2M-Hill Alumni Center. yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. The bole of larger trees can be up to 100cm in diameter [ 352 A number of cultivars have been selected, including 'Perkin's Pink' (syn. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. Height: 8 - 10 (15) m. Crown: flat globular, half-open crown, capricious growing. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is a rare, medium sized tree (15-20m) native to the southern Appalachians, Arkansas, and Missouri. General description. Yellowwood - Cladrastis kentukea Pea Family (Fabaceae) Yellowwood grows throughout Eastern Kentucky, but is most common along the Kentucky River palisades in the Bluegrass region. More About Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) leaf color is bright green, … Also covers those considered historical … It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. Cladrastis kentukea is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. The Plant List includes a further 4 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Cladrastis.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. The major limitation to the wide use of this species was known long ago, as "Cladrastis" means "brittle wood" in Greek. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. The only quality that is mentioned is a tendency of the trunk to divide very near the ground, as a multi-trunked tree.[2]. Stamens: Ten, free; filaments thread-like. Bark and branches: grey brown, smooth. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. Cladrastis kentukea . Cours.) Family (English): Pea. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Flowers: June. Damage to the young twigs of Cladrastis kentukea reveals yellow wood. Rudd; Preferred Common Name. Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). New York 21:327. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. Tolerates alkaline and acid pH soils, native to limestone cliffs and ridges. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. Leaflets seven to eleven, broadly oval, three to four inches long. Date planted. In Missouri, it typically occurs in … The largest specimen known is at Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio, 22 m tall and 2.2 m trunk diameter; the tallest known is a slender tree 27 m tall but only 0.55 m trunk diameter, at Plott Cove Research Natural Area, Georgia (Spongberg & Ma 1997; Eastern Native Trees Society). Plant in Gardens that this plant is a pod 5–8 cm long containing! Are fragrant, white flowers will form in the spring forming drooping clusters pea-like... 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