A major fire swept through downtown in August 1873, destroying twenty blocks on the west side of the Willamette along Yamhill and Morrison Streets, and causing $1.3 million in damage,[24] roughly equivalent to $27.7 million today. In Phase One, through extensive public engagement, Portlanders reviewed this research, helped refine the facts, submitted hundreds of detailed comments and ranked their top priorities. Rogoway, Mike (April 9, 2006). [60] Among them are the Portland Hills Fault on the city's west side,[61] and the East Bank Fault on the east side. The new South Portland addressing section was approved by the Portland City Council on June 6, 2018[89] and is bounded by SW Naito Parkway SW View Point Terrace and Tryon Creek State Natural Area to the west, SW Clay Street to the north and the Clackamas County line to the south. [103], At 6.3%, Portland's African American population is three times the state average. The measure passed with 56.6% of the statewide vote. We Listened In", "Portland residents, business owners want city officials to 'fix' homeless problem", "A community activist challenges Portland's incumbent mayor amid protests, COVID-19 and a racial reckoning", "Portland: Economy – Major Industries and Commercial Activity", "Portland Makes Bid To Become Budding Techlandia", "Everything You Need to Know About the Portland Shoe Industry", "Top Chinese shoemaker opens U.S. headquarters in Portland", "Hi-Tec moving U.S. headquarters to Portland", "Chicago is home to more breweries than any other US city", "Zillow: Portland area leads nation in home-price increases, second in rent hikes", "Portland rents are holding steady with two-bedroom units at $1,337 a month", "Sick of Portland Changing? Oregon Gov. At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous port cities in the world, a hub for organized crime and racketeering. Popular Science awarded Portland the title of the Greenest City in America in 2008,[195] and Grist magazine listed it in 2007 as the second greenest city in the world. [215] The nearby historically significant Burnside Skatepark and five indoor skateparks give Portland a reputation as possibly "the most skateboard-friendly town in America."[216]. [47] Another widely used nickname by local residents in everyday speech is "PDX", which is also the airport code for Portland International Airport. Notable private universities include the University of Portland, a Roman Catholic university affiliated with the Congregation of Holy Cross; Reed College, a liberal arts college, and Lewis & Clark College. [19] Before its European settlement, the Portland Basin of the lower Columbia River and Willamette River valleys had been one of the most densely populated regions on the Pacific Coast. Other heavy industry companies include ESCO Corporation and Oregon Steel Mills. According to the Oregon Health Authority — those older residents make up about half of the COVID-19 deaths in the state. Kate Brown gave Multnomah County the go-ahead to enter Phase 1 on Friday. Portland sends six Representatives to the state House of Representatives: Rob Nosse (District 42), Tawna Sanchez (District 43), Tina Kotek (District 44), Barbara Smith Warner (District 45), Alissa Keny-Guyer (District 46), and Diego Hernandez (District 47). The lowest overnight temperature ever recorded was −3 °F (−19 °C),[71] on February 2, 1950,[72] while the coldest daytime high temperature ever recorded was 14 °F (−10 °C) on December 30, 1968. While mostly peaceful, there were instances of looting, vandalism, and police actions causing injuries as well as one self defense fatality. Portland Plan Phase I Marketing Communications Recap, Portland Plan Phase I Public Participation Progress Report, Portland Plan Phase I Workshops Summary Report, Portland Plan Phase I Workshops Polling Results Summary, Portland Plan Phase I Workshops PowerPoint Presentation, Portland's Employment Geographies: Retail Sectors Employment, Portland's Employment Geographies: Office Sectors Employment, Portland's Employment Geographies: Institutional Sectors Employment, Portland's Employment Geographies: Industrial Sectors Employment, Pictures from the Business Community Workshop, Portland Business Workshop Survey Results, Pictures from the North Portland Workshop, Pictures from the Northeast Portland Workshop, Pictures from the Southeast Portland Workshop, Pictures from the Southwest Portland Workshop. Fluoridation opponents forced a public vote on the issue,[249] and on May 21, 2013, city voters again rejected fluoridation. The City of Portland ensures meaningful access to City programs, services, and activities to comply with Civil Rights Title VI and ADA Title II laws and reasonably provides: translation, interpretation, modifications, accommodations, alternative formats, auxiliary aids and services. These massive floods occurred during the last ice age and filled the Willamette Valley with 300 to 400 feet (91 to 122 m) of water. [202] The Timbers joined MLS in 2011 and have sold out every home match since joining the league, a streak that has now reached 70+ matches. Para obtener más información en español favor llamar a la línea de Información de la Ciudad y el Condado, (503) 823-4000. Portland sports fans are characterized by their passionate support. With the state now entering Phase 1b, … [264][265][266][267] Local businesses reported losses totaling millions of dollars as the result of vandalism and looting, according to Oregon Public Broadcasting. [a], Named after Portland, Maine,[10] the Oregon settlement began to be populated in the 1830s near the end of the Oregon Trail. PORTLAND, OR (KPTV) – By the end of this week, Multnomah County will have been in Phase 1 of reopening for 21 days. [280] Randall's Children's Hospital operates at the Legacy Emanuel Campus. [120] Population growth in the Portland metropolitan area has outpaced the national average during the last decade, and this is expected to continue over the next 50 years.[121]. Oregon Vaccination Phases 1a and 1b. Portland State University has the second-largest enrollment rate of any university in the state (after Oregon State University), with a student body of nearly 30,000. [255], From November 10 to 12, 2016, protests in Portland turned into a riot, when a group of anarchists broke off from a larger group of peaceful protesters who were opposed to the election of Donald Trump as president of the United States. [150] However, as of December 2019, the number of homes available for rent or purchase in Portland continues to shrink. Each neighborhood is represented by a volunteer-based neighborhood association which serves as a liaison between residents of the neighborhood and the city government. All city offices are non-partisan.[222]. [104], Portland residents identifying solely as Asian Americans account for 7.1% of the population; an additional 1.8% is partially of Asian heritage. In Portland, cycling is a significant mode of transportation. [290][291], I-5 connects Portland with the Willamette Valley, Southern Oregon, and California to the south and with Washington to the north. Portland's newest bridge in the downtown area, Tilikum Crossing, opened in 2015 and is the first new bridge to span the Willamette in Portland since the 1973 opening of the double-decker Fremont Bridge.[84]. The coldest month is December with an average daily high of 46.3 °F (7.9 °C), although overnight lows usually remain above freezing by a few degrees. Team to Portland", "Portland Timbers show bark, bite as they prepare to join MLS", "The Missing Oregon Coast: Waves After Dark", "The Boring Lava Field, Portland, Oregon", "Mount Tabor Cinder Cone, Portland, Oregon", "Geologists Keep Finding More Northwest Earthquake Faults", "Comparing Portland's quake risk to that of devastated Christchurch, New Zealand", "7,000 high-risk landslide zones in Portland area; check if you live in one", "Council Crest hike is well worth the extra effort", "Global Ecological Zoning for the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000", "Average Annual Temperatures for Large US Cities – Current Results", "Portland Airport (Oregon): Normals, means, and extremes", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "AIRPORT Portland: Monthly and Seasonal Snowfall (inches)", "Downtown Portland: Monthly and Seasonal Snowfall (inches)", "Portland weather hits 90 degrees for record 31st day in 2018", "Why Doesn't the West Coast See Thunderstorms? Portland has a commuter aerial cableway, the Portland Aerial Tram, which connects the South Waterfront district on the Willamette River to the Oregon Health & Science University campus on Marquam Hill above. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 145.09 square miles (375.78 km2), of which 133.43 square miles (345.58 km2) is land and 11.66 square miles (30.20 km2) is water. By 2018, it ranked 10th[292][293]. [16], Portland's access to the Pacific Ocean via the Willamette and Columbia rivers, as well as its easy access to the agricultural Tualatin Valley via the "Great Plank Road" (the route of current-day U.S. Route 26), provided the pioneer city with an advantage over other nearby ports, and it grew very quickly. [45] Between 2001 and 2012, Portland's gross domestic product per person grew fifty percent, more than any other city in the country. It is frequently claimed that Portland has the most breweries and independent microbreweries of any city in the world,[186][187][188][189][190] with 58 active breweries within city limits[191] and 70+ within the surrounding metro area. Opened in 1977 for buses, the transit mall was renovated and rebuilt in 2007–09, with light rail added. Updated Jan. 29, 2021. [38] General John DeWitt called the city the first "Jap-free city on the West Coast. PORTLAND, Ore. -- As COVID-19 immunizations have begun around the state this week, Oregon Health Authority has finalized its recommendations for who will be the first to receive doses of new COVID-19 vaccines. Its combined statistical area (CSA) ranks 19th-largest with a population of around 3.2 million. By the 1950s, the steel industry became the city's number one industry for employment. ", "Judge: riding in the buff is 'tradition,' man cleared", "Anti-Trump Protest in Portland, Ore., Turns Destructive, Declared a Riot", "Crime in the United States by Metropolitan Statistical Area, 2009 (Table 6)", "Is Portland 'Pornland?' Portland ranked 13th in traffic congestion of all American cities. [16], During the prehistoric period, the land that would become Portland was flooded after the collapse of glacial dams from Lake Missoula, in what would later become Montana. [141] Computer components manufacturer Intel is the Portland area's largest employer, providing jobs for more than 15,000 people, with several campuses to the west of central Portland in the city of Hillsboro.[135]. [99] 9.4% were Hispanic or Latino, of any race (54,840). [196] Ten years later, WalletHub rated the city as the 10th greenest. [237], Oregon's 1973 "urban growth boundary" law limits the boundaries for large-scale development in each metropolitan area in Oregon. All addresses and streets within the city are prefixed by N, NW, NE, SW or SE with the exception of Burnside Street, which is prefixed with W or E. Starting on May 1, 2020, former Southwest prefix addresses with house numbers on east–west streets leading with zero dropped the zero and the street prefix on all streets (including north–south streets) converted from Southwest to South. ", "Bridge to the Future (The Bridge that Bans Cars)", "Portland Is Set To Open a Beautiful $135 Million Bridge You Can't Drive Across", "Council adopts aggressive Climate Action Plan", "Portland joins fluoride bandwagon, will add it to water supply", "Portland's fluoride debate: History, timeline and official positions", "What's the Matter With Portland? Each is elected citywide to serve a four-year term. In 1891 the cities of Portland, Albina, and East Portland were consolidated, creating inconsistent patterns of street names and addresses. [205], Two rival universities exist within Portland city limits: the University of Portland Pilots and the Portland State University Vikings, both of whom field teams in popular spectator sports including soccer, baseball, and basketball. [62] According to a 2017 survey, several of these faults were characterized as "probably more of a hazard" than the Cascadia subduction zone due to their proximities to population centers, with the potential of producing magnitude 7 earthquakes. Director Gus Van Sant has notably set and shot many of his films in the city. Neighborhoods outside of the downtown core, especially in slightly higher elevations near the West Hills and Mount Tabor, can experience a dusting of snow while downtown receives no accumulation at all. E!. [122], The Portland metropolitan area has historically had a significant LGBT population throughout the late 20th and 21st century. [245] The city's longstanding efforts were recognized in a 2010 Reuters report, which named Portland the second-most environmentally conscious or "green" city in the world after Reykjavík, Iceland. [34] The city housed a large number of saloons, bordellos, gambling dens, and boardinghouses which were populated with miners after the California Gold Rush, as well as the multitude of sailors passing through the port. Official records for Portland have been kept at PDX since 13 October 1940. PORTLAND, Ore. — Oregon Gov. [48] Three of downtown's most heavily used bridges are more than 100 years old and are designated historic landmarks: Hawthorne Bridge (1910), Steel Bridge (1912), and Broadway Bridge (1913). [164] Other television series shot in the city include Leverage, The Librarians,[165] Under Suspicion, Grimm, and Nowhere Man. Rain often falls as a light drizzle for several consecutive days at a time, contributing to 155 days on average with measurable (≥0.01 in or 0.25 mm) precipitation annually. [223], Sam Adams, the former mayor of Portland, became the city's first openly gay mayor in 2009. Less than 10 miles (16 km) from downtown, the Willamette River flows into the Columbia River, the fourth-largest river in the United States, which divides Oregon from Washington state. St. Helens dominate the horizon, while Mt. [212] Portland is also home to Mill Ends Park, the world's smallest park (a two-foot-diameter circle, the park's area is only about 0.3 m2). Phase 1: "Where are we now?" [41] A large social activist presence evolved during this time as well, specifically concerning Native American rights, environmentalist causes, and gay rights. The 2010 census reported the city as 76.1% White (444,254 people), 7.1% Asian (41,448), 6.3% Black or African American (36,778), 1.0% Native American (5,838), 0.5% Pacific Islander (2,919), 4.7% belonging to two or more racial groups (24,437) and 5.0% from other races (28,987). [277] It has been named among the top fifteen percentile of American regional universities by The Princeton Review for undergraduate education,[278] and has been internationally recognized for its degrees in Master of Business Administration and urban planning. Portland Public Schools is the largest school district, operating 85 public schools. [126] The city held its first pride festival in 1975 on the Portland State University campus. [289], TriMet provides real-time tracking of buses and trains with its TransitTracker, and makes the data available to software developers so they can create customized tools of their own. [69] Of the three most populated cities within the Pacific Northwest (Seattle, Vancouver, British Columbia and Portland) Portland has the warmest average temperature, the highest number of sunshine hours, and the fewest inches of rainfall and snowfall, although the city still is frequently overcast compared to other US cities at the same latitude. In 1940, whites were over 98% of the city's population. [17], Before American colonizers began arriving in the 1800s, the land was inhabited for many centuries by two bands of indigenous Chinook people – the Multnomah and the Clackamas. Summers in Portland are warm, dry, and sunny, though the sunny warm weather is short lived from mid June through early September. The Willamette River divides the city into east and west while Burnside Street, which traverses the entire city lengthwise, divides the north and south. Portland, Oregon (KOIN) — Included in Phase 1b Tier 1 of Washington’s COVID-19 vaccination program can now request vaccination in Clark County. [31] Some historians have described the city's early establishment as being a "scion of New England; an ends-of-the-earth home for the exiled spawn of the eastern established elite. An additional 13,000 youth and adults completed the Phase One surveys by mail or online. Tryon Creek State Natural Area is one of three Oregon State Parks in Portland and the most popular; its creek has a run of steelhead. The highest elevation is at 9936 NW Wind Ridge Dr., The lowest elevation historically occurred at low water on January 17, 1937 at the confluence of the Columbia and Willamette Rivers. On clear days, Mt. Fifth and Sixth avenues within downtown comprise the Portland Transit Mall, two streets devoted primarily to bus and light rail traffic with limited automobile access. [163] MTV's long-time running reality show The Real World was also shot in Portland for the show's 29th season: The Real World: Portland premiered on MTV in 2013. The Bee, over 105 years old, is another neighborhood newspaper serving the inner southeast neighborhoods. [127], As recently as 2012, Portland has been cited as the least religious city in the United States,[128] with over 42% of residents identifying as religiously "unaffiliated",[129] according to the nonpartisan and nonprofit Public Religion Research Institute's American Values Atlas. [170], Portland is home to numerous museums and educational institutions, ranging from art museums to institutions devoted to science and wildlife. [158][159] Multi-Grammy award-winning jazz artist Esperanza Spalding is from Portland and performed with the Chamber Music Society of Oregon at a young age. [260] In 2010, ABC's Nightline reported that Portland is one of the largest hubs for child sex trafficking. [122] 8.1% of the population spoke Spanish (54,036), with Vietnamese speakers making up 1.9%, and Russian 1.5%. [279] The city is also home to the Oregon Health & Science University, as well as Portland Community College. Find these here. As the city has been particularly supportive of urban bicycling it now ranks highly among the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world. It also contains the St. Johns neighborhood, which is historically one of the most ethnically diverse and poorest neighborhoods in the city. [58] The rocks of the Portland area range in age from late Eocene to more recent eras. [243] The Urban Greenspaces Institute, housed in Portland State University Geography Department's Center for Mapping Research, promotes better integration of the built and natural environments. [112] After World War II, the Vanport flood in 1948 displaced many African Americans. This controversy was settled with a coin toss that Pettygrove won in a series of two out of three tosses, thereby providing Portland with its namesake. [102] As of the 2000 census, three of its high schools (Cleveland, Lincoln and Wilson) were over 70% white, reflecting the overall population, while Jefferson High School was 87% non-white. PORTLAND, Ore. (KOIN) — We’re learning new details about what it will take for Oregon counties for move to Phase 2 of reopening. As they resettled, redlining directed the displaced workers from the wartime settlement to neighboring Albina. The average household size was 2.3 and the average family size was 3. [112] Some scholars have noted the Pacific Northwest as a whole is "one of the last Caucasian bastions of the United States". The population density was 4,375.2 people per square mile. 13.1% of the population and 8.5% of families were below the poverty line. Additionally, the University of Oregon Ducks and the Oregon State University Beavers both receive substantial attention and support from many Portland residents, despite their campuses being 110 and 84 miles from the city, respectively. [36] During World War II, it housed an "assembly center" from which up to 3,676 people of Japanese descent were dispatched to internment camps in the heartland. In 2014, Travel + Leisure magazine rated Portland as the No. Forest Park is the largest wilderness park within city limits in the United States, covering more than 5,000 acres (2,023 ha). Portland (/ˈpɔːrtlənd/, PORT-lənd) is the largest and most populous city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County. [45], The city has acquired a diverse range of nicknames throughout its history, though it is most often called "Rose City" or "The City of Roses",[46] the latter of which has been its unofficial nickname since 1888 and its official nickname since 2003. [193] Other major beer festivals throughout the calendar year include the Spring Beer and Wine Festival in April, the North American Organic Brewers Festival in June, the Portland International Beerfest in July,[194] and the Holiday Ale Festival in December. Both of Oregon's senators, Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley, are from Portland and are also both Democrats. Downtown Portland straddles the banks of the Willamette River, which flows north through the city center and separates the city's east and west neighborhoods. [230] Portland is often cited as an example of a city with strong land use planning controls. Out of 223,737 households, 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.1% were non-families. The institute works on urban park, trail, and natural areas planning issues, both at the local and regional levels. [275] Other high schools include Benson, Cleveland, Franklin, Grant, Jefferson, Madison, Parkrose, Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson, and several suburban high schools which serve the city's outer areas. [92] Areas further west of the Pearl District include neighborhoods known as Uptown and Nob Hill, as well as the Alphabet District and NW 23rd Ave., a major shopping street lined with clothing boutiques and other upscale retail, mixed with cafes and restaurants.[93]. The city-owned Portland Streetcar serves two routes in the Central City – downtown and adjacent districts. For example, the 200 block north of Burnside is either NW Davis Street or NE Davis Street throughout the entire city.[85]. [282] A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked Portland 12th most walkable of fifty largest U.S. [73] The city of Portland avoids snow more frequently than its suburbs, due in part to its low elevation and urban heat island effect. Also located in Washington Park are the Hoyt Arboretum, the International Rose Test Garden, the Japanese Garden, and the Oregon Zoo. About two-thirds of Oregon counties will further loosen COVID-19 restrictions over the next few days, as vast parts of the state move forward with Phase 2 of Gov. Total Lunar Eclipse visible in Portland on May 26; Blue Moon: Aug 22 (third Full Moon in a season with four Full Moons) Super New Moon: Nov 4; Micro Full Moon: Nov 19; Partial Lunar Eclipse visible in Portland on Nov 18 – Nov 19; Super New Moon: Dec 3; Micro Full Moon: Dec 18; No Black Moon in Portland in 2021 (third New Moon in a season with four New Moons) The Glenn L. Jackson Memorial Bridge and the Interstate Bridge provide access from Portland across the Columbia River into Washington state. Starting May 28, 2020, and extending into the winter, daily protests occurred regarding the killing of George Floyd by police and perceived racial injustice. It was not unusual for a street name to be duplicated in disparate areas. [145] While headquartered elsewhere, Merrell, Amer Sports and Under Armour have design studios and local offices in the Portland area. Different aspects of the assessment may be governed by local Portland & Oregon guidelines. Hispanic students average from 3.3% at Wilson to 31% at Roosevelt. Southeast Portland is largely residential, and consists of several neighborhoods, including Hawthorne District, Belmont, Brooklyn, and Mount Tabor. Rainier can also be seen in the distance. [256], According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Report in 2009, Portland ranked 53rd in violent crime out of the top 75 U.S. cities with a population greater than 250,000. In addition, the auditor provides access to information and reports on various matters of city government. [28] Portland remained the major port in the Pacific Northwest for much of the 19th century, until the 1890s, when Seattle's deepwater harbor was connected to the rest of the mainland by rail, affording an inland route without the treacherous navigation of the Columbia River. [112][115][116] The early 1920s saw the rapid growth of the Ku Klux Klan, which became very influential in Oregon politics, culminating in the election of Walter M. Pierce as governor. Bizz blog: Silicon Forest. ", "Seeking Help to Bring an M.L.S. Long-haul train routes include the Coast Starlight (with service from Los Angeles to Seattle) and the Empire Builder (with service to Chicago). [207] It has been home to professional and college softball. It houses permanent and temporary exhibits about Oregon history, and hosts traveling exhibits about the history of the United States. Portland has ten sister cities;[303][304] each city is required to maintain long-term involvement and participation:[305][306], Largest and most populous city in Oregon, US. The city is also served by Greyhound Lines intercity bus service, which also operates BoltBus, an express bus service. Know Before You Go. the Man, Modest Mouse, and the Shins have made their home in Portland as well. In its 2013 ParkScore ranking, the Trust for Public Land reported Portland had the seventh best park system among the 50 most populous U.S. [107], With about 12,000 Vietnamese residing in the city proper, Portland has one of the largest Vietnamese populations in America per capita. It contains Kelley Point Park, the northernmost point of the city. PORTLAND, Ore — Oregon Gov. [39] The article, which focused on crime boss Jim Elkins, became the basis of a fictionalized film titled Portland Exposé (1957). Timber industry was a major force in the United States the game County judge charges... 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